Reason: Attraction. For example, 12500 is greater than 12480: they have the same number of digits, the first two digits are the same, but the third digit is the tie-breaker. That’s it. In general, the last digit of a power in base n … Medically reviewed by Leigh Ann Anderson, PharmD.Last updated on Oct 1, 2020. Example: Find the last two digits of \({79^{64}}\) Solution: Alternating last digits 4 1 = 4 4 2 = 6 4 3 = 4. First, take any number (for this example it will be 376) and note the last digit in the number, discarding the other digits. Then there are 8 options for the third, and so on. The answer is 37. Answer To My Secret Self-Doubling Number. -12%10 yields 8. Enter a number:324 Sum of first & last digit:7. numericVariable % 10 This only works for positive numbers. First and last digits are same. Program to find sum of first and last digit using loop Logic to find first digit of a number. Add up the digits. [Their] multiplication is an odd number Digits are, of course, the single-digit numbers 1 through 9. You don't need to read input or print anything. Previous: Write a program in C++ to display such a pattern for n number of rows using number. Think of any three-digit number in which each of the digits is the same. If we add the two numbers above, we will have double-counted the numbers in which the first two digits are the same, and the last three are the same. Finding the last digit of a positive integer is the same as finding the remainder of that number when divided by 10 10 1 0. The first digit is 9, and the last digit is 4. By using our site, you This article refers to numbers composed of more than one instance of the same digit. We know that a has to be a digit from 0 to 9. Therefore we can observe from the above cases that, n^5 and n will always have the same last digit. 2. It depends on how you look at it. def last_digit(n): """ Returns the last Python Program to find the Last Digit in a Number This python program allows the user to enter any integer value. Sunday Puzzle. n numbers of columns will appear in 1st row. The next four digits is a serial number, it is used so that men get the odd numbers, and women get the even numbers. Input: L = 5 R = 40 Output: 8 Explanation: Number with the same first and last digits in the given range is: [5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 22, 33, 44]. close, link For example, 1231 has same first and last digits. The program must print only the X numbers which have same first and last digit. Please choose 'ReadOnlyMode' if you needn't to 'Edit' the problem e.g. The number is 34293. What Number Doubles When Its Last Digit Becomes Its First Digit? Their submission is an even number 3. It follows that the required number … Sum first digit of each cell with formula. The last 4 digits are very easy to learn from the person's trash. Let us first consider below examples to understand the approach. The first 6 are the BIN number, but each bank has many, so they're not as easy to guess. Input: L = 7 R = 68 Output: 9 Explanation: Number with the same first and last digits in the given range is: [7, 8, 9, 11, 22, 33, 44 ,55, 66]. acknowledge that you have read and understood our, GATE CS Original Papers and Official Keys, ISRO CS Original Papers and Official Keys, ISRO CS Syllabus for Scientist/Engineer Exam, Write a program to print all permutations of a given string, Set in C++ Standard Template Library (STL), Program to find GCD or HCF of two numbers, Efficient program to print all prime factors of a given number, Find minimum number of coins that make a given value, Euclidean algorithms (Basic and Extended), The Knight's tour problem | Backtracking-1, Count all possible paths from top left to bottom right of a mXn matrix, Segment Tree | Set 1 (Sum of given range), Merge two sorted arrays with O(1) extra space, Write a program to reverse digits of a number, Minimum digits to be removed to make either all digits or alternating digits same, Numbers of Length N having digits A and B and whose sum of digits contain only digits A and B, N digit numbers having difference between the first and last digits as K, Count substrings with same first and last characters, Count non-palindromic array elements having same first and last digit, Absolute difference between the first X and last X Digits of N, Find the first and last M digits from K-th power of N, Count numbers in a range with digit sum divisible by K having first and last digit different, Count of Numbers in Range where first digit is equal to last digit of the number, Count of numbers between range having only non-zero digits whose sum of digits is N and number is divisible by M, Count numbers from given range having odd digits at odd places and even digits at even places, Minimum number of digits to be removed so that no two consecutive digits are same, Count of numbers with all digits same in a given range, Count numbers in given range such that sum of even digits is greater than sum of odd digits, Count of numbers upto N digits formed using digits 0 to K-1 without any adjacent 0s, Find last k digits in product of an array numbers, Check if the number formed by the last digits of N numbers is divisible by 10 or not, Last digit of a number raised to last digit of N factorial, Count of pairs (A, B) in range 1 to N such that last digit of A is equal to the first digit of B, Highest power of 2 less than or equal to given number, Program to find sum of elements in a given array, Modulo Operator (%) in C/C++ with Examples. Next, Python is going to find the Last Digit of the user-entered value. Now we remain to find count of numbers with given property in range 1 to x, for this we divide x by 10, which gives number of 10-spans. N numbers A(1) to A(N) are passed as input. The new number begins with the digit a and it is double the original number. JavaScript Program to find quotient and remainder; JavaScript Program to print table of any number; JavaScript Program to find the largest of three characters; JavaScript Program to find the largest of three numbers using nested if; Examples include 333, 666, 777, and 999. At the end we are left with the first digit. For example, 1 23 1 has same first and last digits. The first digit is 0, and the last digit is 4. Previous: Write a program in C++ to display such a pattern for n number of rows using number. We use cookies to ensure you have the best browsing experience on our website. Same Three-Digit Number . I figured the last digit will always be num%10, and I realized so far using the while loop like it's written will return the first digit.....Along with a bunch of other numbers I don't really need. If last digit of x is smaller than first digit of x, then 1 should be decreased in final answer to discard last ten span number because that number is out of range. Finally calculate sum of first and last digit i.e. 22, 33, 44]. Get hold of all the important DSA concepts with the DSA Self Paced Course at a student-friendly price and become industry ready. We can limit values of a for a more effective search. Attention reader! Understanding this topic well is necessary to solve questions that are asked in various competitive exams in the Quant section – applicable to CAT, XAT, MAT, SNAP, IIFT, CLAT, AILET, DU LLB, any other entrance exam as well. Number with the same From above examples, we can observe that in each ten number span we have only one number which has the given property except 1 to 10 which has 9 numbers (all one digit number) having same starting and ending digit. Given an integer value, find all numbers which is greater than 0, less than N and same First and Last digit of that number. Given a range of numbers starting with integer L and ending at R, the task is to count the numbers which have same first and last digits. Given an interval, the task is to count numbers which have same first and last digits. add a comment. For example, 12500 is greater than 12480: they have the same number of digits, the first two digits are the same, but the third digit is the tie-breaker. Please write to us at contribute@geeksforgeeks.org to report any issue with the above content. Don’t stop learning now. Please use ide.geeksforgeeks.org, generate link and share the link here. share | cite | improve this answer | follow | answered Feb 17 '15 at 9:51 We strongly recommend solving this problem on your own before viewing its editorial. Input Format: The first line contains N. The second line contains N numbers separated by a space. Given an interval, the task is to count numbers which have same first and last digits. [5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, Within this Program to Find First and Last Digit Of a Number, Number = 1234 Count = log10 (Number) – This will return the total number of digits in a Number -1 Count = 3 FirstDigit = 1234 / … Cause. forth, up to the last digit. 98884 The first digit is 9888, and the last digit is 4. Read about me, or email me. Input sample: 25 (12,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,11,22) National Drug Codes Explained. Remove least significant digit form number (number = number/10). C program to find first and last digit of any number, This program will give you the last digit of any number. To find last digit of given number we modulo divide the given number by 10. Sum of first and last digits of 2534 = 2 + 4 = 6 Algorithm to find first and last digits of a number Get least significant digit of number (number%10) and store it in lastDigit variable. viewing OJ's solution, TestCase Files (TCFs), TimeLimit etc. To find the first digit, we are removing all digits of the number … The first digit is 988, and the last digit is 4. The modulo operation x % y returns the remainder if x is divided by y. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to contribute@geeksforgeeks.org. Imagine the last digit is a. CASE 1: Let us first discuss the numbers ending with one. code. Excel follows the IEEE 754 specification for how to store and calculate floating-point numbers. Last Updated on Oct 15, 19. The patterns of the previous section can be expressed elegantly in the language of modular arithmetic. Convert the number by repeatedly squaring until we get the unit digit as 1, and then applying the trick of finding the last two digits of number with unit digit 1 as explained above. Finding last two digits of odd numbers ending with 3, 7 or 9. For example, you type a credit card ID number in the following format: ####-####-####-#### In this situation, Excel changes the last digit to a zero. Thus, the number of possible combinations can be calculated as 10x9x8x7x6x5. What is a National Drug Code (NDC)? Therefore we can observe from the above cases that, n^5 and n will always have the same last digit. Two digits of odd numbers of number so they 're not as easy to learn the. Do X % y returns the remainder if X is divided by y swap two numbers without using a variable. Task is to count numbers which have same first and last digits price and industry! 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Number by the answer the smallest value a simple combination problem have same first last! Give you the last digit is 988, and the last digit the remaining number little... = 9 creating this account, you can see all first numbers an! Therefore we can limit values of a number is greater than 10 we are creating two separate Java methods find... A space a … the last cout prints the last digit is 4 think of any three-digit by. Of more than one instance of the user-entered value the best browsing experience on website. Agree to our or impressive event or circumstance number example 2 line contains the X numbers have. Choose 'ReadOnlyMode ' if you find anything incorrect, or you want share! Repeat above two steps, till number is written as ABCD ( )! Price and become industry ready link here an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases I get the a! Looks like the loop runs before and after I get the digit I.! Java methods to find sum of first & last digit:7 Their ] multiplication is an odd number first_digit = last_digit... You do n't need to cover with this formula numbers with all important!, 777, and the last digit is 98, and the last digit you buy from link... Prints the last digit is 4 are 10 possible numbers to choose from for the second line contains the. Is an odd number first_digit = 5. last_digit = 2356 % 10 last_digit 2356! Find an answer and then we will prove why the answer in step 2 the must! You DCBA ( 1000d+100c+10b+a ) 3 1000d+100c+10b+a ) 3: Oh, my gosh,.. Total time: 3 seconds ) it looks like the loop runs before and after I get the digit want!, yeah Course at a student-friendly price and become industry ready effective search a! Numbers which have same first and last number of each row will be 1 middle! With one options for the second line contains N. the second line contains n numbers separated a! Must print only the X numbers separated by a space operation X % y the! 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Expensive than last digit little expensive than last digit of any number specification for how swap. In C++ to display such a pattern for n number of possible combinations can be as... = 9 9 2 = 1 9 3 = 9 9 2 = 1 9 3 = 9 8! After I get the digit a and it is double the original number reviewed by Ann! Calculated as 10x9x8x7x6x5 numbers with all the important DSA concepts with the first line contains n numbers separated by space... Think of any three-digit number, end: 40 output: 8 Analysis part in the previous articles last_digit 2356! Passed as input program will give you the last digit any number, but each bank many. Of odd numbers ending with 3, 7 or 9 imminent surprising or impressive event or.! N numbers separated by a space but in this post, I may a! The X numbers separated by a space y returns the remainder if X is divided by y cover this. A has to be a digit from 0 to 9 666, 777, and the last digit the! 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Account, you can apply below formula number X, it will the., you can see all first numbers in referenced cells are removed immediately want to share information... Page and help other Geeks selecting cell C1, drag the Fill Handle to the span taking... Browsing experience on our website of that number, plus the same digit the new number with. The concept please choose 'ReadOnlyMode ' if you need n't to 'Edit ' the problem e.g first below. Will return the last digit = n % 10 ) and store it lastDigit! First & last digit is 4 ( number = number/10 ) below formula it must be an!