Which Indochinese country was under control of a junta for decades? Under the military regime the country was isolated, diplomatically and economically, because of its harsh treatment of its ethnic minorities and its crushing of its political opposition. For successive generations their ethnicity and Islam have been practically not distinguishable. After gaining its independence in the year 1948, Burma experienced a number of military coups in the 60s, the 70s and the 80s. In the 1960's, the organization controlled most of the Kayah State. 1957. In 1948, Burma gained its independence. By the day of colonization, there was a solid feeling of resentment from the rule of the British, with Buddhist monks actively playing an important part in the independence movement. Burma is in Southeast Asia; gained independence from Britain. Myanmar had its first president in 1948 after the country gained independence from the British. The post-independence administration system for Chin State was to be established by the Chin Affairs Council led by Pu Vum Thu Maung. During World War II Aung San Suu Kyi, a Burmese opposition politician and chairperson of the National League for Democracy found an opportunity to gain Burmese independence. Presidents Of Myanmar (Burma) History of the Burmese Presidency. CWB – USA follows the U.N. in recognizing Myanmar as the country’s official name. U Nu was elected Burma's Prime Minister through 1962. He staged the 1962 coup d'état on 2 March 1962, arrested U Nu, Sao Shwe Thaik and several others, and declared a 'socialist state' run by a 'Union Revolutionary Council' of senior military officers. A foreign policy of neutrality was decided upon, but, because of internal strife, no peace resulted. Burma gained independence from Great Britain in 1948 and this issue is a problem that Burma has had to grapple with since that time. Since independence The unsettled early years, 1948–62. During the first years of post-independence Burma, insurgencies by the Red Flag Communists led by Thakin Soe, the White Flag Communists led by Thakin Than Tun, the Yèbaw Hpyu (White-band PVO) led by Bo La Yaung, a member of the Thirty Comrades, army rebels calling themselves the Revolutionary Burma Army (RBA) led by communist officers Bo Zeya, Bo Yan Aung and Bo Yè Htut – all three of them members of the Thirty Comrades, Arakanese, and the Karen National Union (KNU). Burma/Myanmar. In 1990, when the military group lost the elections, they refused to accept the results and … In 1957 Win Maung was appointed the president by the prime minister. Still, democracy survived until, Happy Birthday, Steve Jobs, Creator of Apple Computers, On This Day: Richard Nixon Delivers “Checkers Speech”, On This Day: John Adams and Thomas Jefferson Die, 9 Historical Events That Occurred on Christmas Day, On This Day: Nelson Mandela Elected President, On This Day: V-E Day Ends World War II in Europe, On This Day: Book Reveals That Nancy Reagan Contacted Astrologers for Advice, On This Day: Mayday Tribe Anti-War Protesters Clash With Police in Washington, political and military power base from which to negotiate with Great Britain, Aung San and six other members of the cabinet were gunned down, conquered part of Burma during the Anglo-Burmese war, Japan lost San's support and its hold in Burma, Gen. Aung San as the father of the country’s independence, thousands of protesters massed to demand political reform, changed the country’s name to Myanmar in 1989. Burma is in Southeast Asia; gained independence from Britain. [1], Ne Win had already succeeded in stripping the Shan Sawbwas of their feudal powers in exchange for comfortable pensions for life in 1959. As a result, there were movements from the Muslim Rohingya to join the newly formed state of Pakistan. In the 70 years since Myanmar gained independence, the country has experienced waves of violence, political unrest, and military rule. Burma/Myanmar was ruled by the military from 1962 to 2011. In 1948, as Burma gained independence from the British, Indians had to face even more xenophobia as the new state defined itself in racial terms. In … By 1886 Burma was occupied by British ruled India. The internal conflict in Myanmar is a series of insurgencies in Myanmar that began shortly after the country, then known as Burma, gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1948. 1945 The Japanese left in 1945, and, in 1948, Burma gained its independence from the British. Sao Shwe Thaik became its very first President and U … In contrast, a few months after Burma gained independence from nearly 100 years of British rule, civil war broke out between the government and communist and ethnic rebel groups. Shan National Sao Shwe Taik became the new country’s first President and U Nu its first Prime Minister. [1] The situation became very unstable in parliament, with U Nu surviving a no-confidence vote only with the support of the opposition National United Front (NUF), believed to have 'cryptocommunists' amongst them. The education system in Burma was one of the areas in which profound changes had taken place. In 1948, Burma gained independence from British colonial rule. The Japanese advanced into Burma and by the end of 1942 had occupied the country. Burma. On 4 January 1948 at 4.20 am, the nation became an independent republic, named the Union of Burma in which the time was chosen for its auspiciousness by an astrologer, with Sao Shwe Thaik as its first President and U Nu as its first Prime Minister. It ended the six decades of colonial rule under Britain. High school and university students receive drill instructions in Laiza, which lies in a Kachin Independence Army–controlled part of Kachin state, in Burma, on Nov. 10, 2014. When did Britain leave Burma? Educators, challenge your students to learn vital Web research skills and study an event in history with the On This Day Challenge. On January 4th 1948, the Union of Burma gained its independence from Britain. In 1948, when Burma gained independence, the nation became friends with another new country — Israel. To this day, the assassination is annually mourned across Myanmar. [1] The situation did not remain stable for long, when the Shan Federal Movement, started by Nyaung Shwe Sawbwa Sao Shwe Thaik (the first President of independent Burma 1948-52) and aspiring to a 'loose' federation, was seen as a separatist movement insisting on the government honouring the right to secession in 10 years provided for by the 1947 Constitution. Burma initially had a constitutional government, but there was much fighting for power within the country. For successive generations their ethnicity and Islam have been practically not distinguishable. In 1940, before Japan formally entered the Second World War, For 26 years, General Ne Win mismanaged the country to the point of economic ruin. Burma gained independence from Great Britain in 1948 and this issue is a problem that Burma has had to grapple with since that time. What happened in Burma after it gained independence? Today over 80 per cent of Burma’s people are Buddhist and the country has the largest number of monks as a percentage of the total population. Serving as minister of defense in Ba Maw’s puppet government (1943–45), Aung San became skeptical of Japanese promises of … Burma definition: → Myanmar : name still in popular use | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Notably, it declined to join the British Commonwealth. Since then, civil war has continued in the country. 140,000 refugees from Burma, mostly Karen, are living in refugee camps in Thailand, some for as many as 20 years. The Burmese government refused to acknowledge the Rohingya as rightful citizens. [1], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}16°51′N 096°11′E / 16.850°N 96.183°E / 16.850; 96.183, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Post-independence_Burma,_1948–1962&oldid=971431320, States and territories established in 1948, States and territories disestablished in 1962, Articles needing additional references from October 2014, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Burmese-language text, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 August 2020, at 03:16. The list includes territories that have gained independence ... Burma; Union of Burma became independent from United Kingdom (and see subsequent changes in 1989, 2010 and 2019). Burma was renamed Myanmar in 1989 by its military government. [1], Army hardliners now saw the 'threat' of the CPB coming to an agreement with U Nu through the NUF, and in the end U Nu 'invited' Army Chief of Staff General Ne Win to take over the country. In 1962, the army took over the elected government and have ruled ever since. The first President, Sao Shwe Thaik, who was in office from 1948 until 1952, was succeeded by Ba U. Sao Shwe Thaik's son, Sao Mye Thaik, was shot dead in what was generally described as a 'bloodless' coup. Sadly, after decades of mismanagement by post-independence dictators, Myanmar has become one of the poorest nations in the world. Through the representatives, the Rohingya who had established a separatist movement requested Muhammad to facilitate the merging of Burma’s Mayu region into East Pakistan. On 4 January 1948, at an auspicious middle-of-the-night hour, Burma became independent and left the British Commonwealth. The Indian independence movement first gained momentum at the beginning of the 20th century, and after World War I Gandhi organized the first of … Colonized by Britain in the 19th century, the country achieved its independence in 1948 and has been involved in internal sectarian conflict ever since. Massacre Under Japanese Occupation In 1948, Burma gained independence from British colonial rule. Learn more >>. Burma gained its independence in 1948, just four months prior to Israel’s independence, and became the first Southeast Asian nation to formally recognize the Jewish state. The Japanese left in 1945, and, in 1948, Burma gained its independence from the British. Ba Maw was an outspoken advocate for Burmese self-rule and he opposed the participation of Great Britain, and by extension Burma, in World War II. So began the story I wrote for the 60 th anniversary of Myanmar’s independence … The reasons behind the request included the geographical proximity of the two regions as wel… Since independence, Malaysia has been highly successful in. On January 4, 1948, Burma gained independence from Britain and a multi party system was established. On Jan. 4, 1948, Burma ended 60 years of colonial rule when it officially declared independence from Britain. The independent Union of Burma came into being on 4 January 1948. Under British colonial rule, Burma was the richest country in Southeast Asia, awash in rubies, oil, and valuable timber. While Myanmar mourned the death of a hero, Prime Minister Attlee and Aung San's protégé, U Nu, signed an agreement for the transfer of power in October 1947. When did Burma gain independence from Great Britain? On Jan. 4, 1948, Burma ended 60 years of colonial rule when it officially declared independence from Britain. In 1989, the government changed the country’s name to Myanmar. Burma gained independence from Great Britain in 1948. Burma/Myanmar. It changed its name to Myanmar and there were many generals ruling. In 1989, the government changed the country’s name to Myanmar. Burma initially had a constitutional government, but there was much fighting for power within the country. Among them was the NUF leader Aung Than, older brother of Aung San. Independence for the Indonesian Archipelago A direct consequence of Japanese occupation of the Dutch East Indies during the Second World War was the emergence of Indonesian nationalism. Burma emerges. Back in 1886, Myanmar came under British command. The Burma Independence Act 1947 (1947, 11 Geo. In the weeks preceding the independence Burma had allowed Pakistan military and civilian personnel to fly to Kunming (China) via Rangoon. As a result, there were movements from the Muslim Rohingya to join the newly formed state of Pakistan. [1], Ne Win's caretaker government successfully stabilised the situation and paved the way for new general elections in 1960 that returned U Nu's Union Party with a large majority. [1] Over 400 'communist sympathisers' were arrested, of which 153 were deported to the Coco Islands in the Andaman Sea. In Myanmar: World War II and after …announced the formation of the Burma Independence Army (BIA). Burma and Ceylon (later Sri Lanka) obtained their independence soon after India but in Malaysia the situation was more complex. By the war’s end, nationalist leader Aung San, whose anti-fascist movement had been prominent in the struggle against Japan, had established a, Ethnic discord created problems for Burma’s first independent parliament. Shan National Sao Shwe Taik became the new country’s first President and U Nu its first Prime Minister. In 1962, the army took over the elected government and have ruled ever since. The Karenni National Progressive Party (KNPP), an ethnic rebel organization, was founded by Saw Maw Reh. The Act received the royal assent on 10 December 1947. Sadly, after decades of mismanagement by post-independence dictators, Myanmar has become one of the poorest nations in the world. Burma was colonized by the British, and gained independence in early 1948. With its economy shattered and its towns and villages destroyed during the war, Burma needed peace. Myanmar gained independence on Jan 4, 1948, when the state turned into an independent republic named the Union of Burma. Participating classes will be eligible for prizes and could be featured on findingDulcinea. Suzuki was the group’s commander in chief, with the rank of General, and Aung San served below him as Chief of Staff. 1947 - Bogyoke Aung San, Burma's ethnic leaders and the British sign the Panglong Agreement to form the Union of Burma. By the ninth century a group of people from the north, the Bamar, gained prominence and … After Burma gained independence, the Chin Special Division and Chin Affairs Council were formed in accordance with the 1947 Constitution of Burma. Presidents Of Myanmar (Burma) History of the Burmese Presidency. On 1 April 1937, Burma became a separately administered colony of Great Britain and Ba Maw the first Prime Minister and Premier of Burma. By Kyaw Zwa Moe 4 January 2018. Conclusion: "After Burma gained independence, a concentration of nearly ninety percent of the area?s population, the distinguishing characteristics of their own culture and the Islamic faith formed an ethnic and religious minority group in the western fringe of the republic. When did Burma become Myanmar? And soon with the Japanese being defeated Burma gained its independence on 4th January, 1948 at 4:20am. Conclusion: "After Burma gained independence, a concentration of nearly ninety percent of the area?s population, the distinguishing characteristics of their own culture and the Islamic faith formed an ethnic and religious minority group in the western fringe of the republic. Burma emerges. Some background on Burma: The British gradually gained power there in the 1800s, consolidating their control in 1886. Burma gained independence in January of 1948. Burma … 3. He resigned from the Legislative Assembly and was arrested for sedition. But in the late morning of 19 July 1947, just six months before Burma gained full independence from the British, armed paramilitaries stormed the grand Ministers’ Building in downtown Yangon, the capital at the time, killing Aung San and several of his cabinet ministers. VI, Ch. Born in 1945 as the daughter of Burma's national hero Aung San, she was two years old when he was assassinated, just before Burma gained the independence to which he had dedicated his life. Japan helped Burma gain this independence by fighting alongside against Britain. It was only in the year 1937 that it became a separate colony. Military leaders took over. The people who call themselves Rohingyas are the Muslims of Mayu Frontier area, present-day Buthidaung and Maungdaw Townships of Arakan (Rakhine) State, Japan declared independence for Myanmar from the British, but the Burmese continued to struggle for freedom from foreign domination, this time by the Japanese. In June 1945, Burmese soldiers fought with the British to expel Japanese invaders from Burma during World War II. The Karen are an ethnic group from Burma (Myanmar), many of whom fled Burma due to religious and ethnic persecution by the government. Burma gained its independence in 1948, just four months prior to Israel’s independence, and became the first Southeast Asian nation to formally recognize the Jewish state. During the first years of post-independence Burma, insurgencies by the Red Flag Communists led by Thakin Soe, the White Flag Communists led by Thakin Than Tun, the Yèbaw Hpyu (White-band PVO) led by Bo La Yaung, a member of the Thirty Comrades, army rebels calling themselves the Revolutionary Burma Army (RBA) led by communist officers Bo Zeya, Bo Yan Aung and Bo Yè Htut – all three of them members of the Thirty Comrades, Arakanese, and the Karen National Union (KNU).[1]. Notably, it declined to join the British Commonwealth. 3) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that conferred independence on Burma, today called Myanmar. Occupied by the Japanese during World War II, Burma gained independence from the British in 1948. On the basis of Panglong agreement, negotiations went on and eventually Burma gained independence on 4th January 1948 together with frontier areas. Occupied by the Japanese during World War II, Burma gained independence from the British in 1948. [1] [2] This was despite the unexpected success of U Nu's 'Arms for Democracy' offer taken up by U Seinda in the Arakan, the Pa'O, some Mon and Shan groups, but more significantly by the PVO surrendering their arms. Aung San Suu Kyi is the leader of the struggle for human rights and democracy in Burma. Through the representatives, the Rohingya who had established a separatist movement requested Muhammad to facilitate the merging of Burma’s Mayu region into East Pakistan. It was 1948 when Burma gained independence from Britain. Burma gained independence in January of 1948. The military coup in the 1960s drove … Burma gained independence in 1948 and since independence to the present, Burma/Myanmar has been beset by ethnic strife and civil war. manufacturing. They were chased out by the Japanese in 1941 and returned briefly following World War II. Why was governing Indonesia proven difficult? The country's civilian government was overthrown in a military coup in 1962, initiating a period of political instability, repression, and … Military leaders took over. In 1957 Win Maung was appointed the president by the prime minister. Formerly known as Burma, Myanmar is the second largest country in Southeast Asia. After independence the Union of Burma was created in accordance with the 1947 Constitution of Burma. 3. The Burma Independence Army (BIA) was formed in December 1941 in Bangkok, before the Thirty Comrades’ return to Myanmar. In the 19th century, following three Anglo-Burmese Wars, Burma was colonized by Britain. The history of Burma begins with several city-states inhabited by the Pyu People along the Irrawaddy River from c. 200 BCE. They subsequently disbanded the BIA and formed a smaller Burma Defense Army, with … What about the military rule? In the 70 years since Myanmar gained independence, the country has experienced waves of violence, political unrest, and military rule. But when did it gain its independence? Since Burma gained independence from the British in 1948, ethnic minorities – perhaps most significantly the Karen – have been locked in a simmering succession of war … On January 4th 1948, the Union of Burma gained its independence from Britain. The country's modern history has been a mixture of military rule and human rights abuses. After independence the democratic government face oppositions from different communist and ethnic group for almost 10 years. When Bangladesh gained independence in December 1971, the Burmese attitude to the new State was formal and correct. Remote areas of northern Burma were for many years controlled by an army of Kuomintang (KMT) forces after the Communist victory in China in 1949. The first President, Sao Shwe Thaik, who was in office from 1948 until 1952, was succeeded by Ba U. The BIA—originally formed in Japan—was re-organized into the Burma Defense Army (BDA), of which Aung San was the head. The Philippines gained full independence from the US in. Many civil wars took place which weakened the nation. In 1948, Burma finally gained its independence but the presence of the British colonists had inevitably transformed the nation, its government, society, and institutions. It changed its name to Myanmar and there were many generals ruling. Burma's Plight: Burma became independent on January 4, 1947. Why did the United States become involved in the Philippines' affairs? Ethnic conflict has engulfed Burma since the country gained independence from British rule in 1948, aggravated by decades of junta rule and militarization. Burma was renamed Myanmar in 1989 by its military government. How did Burma gain independence from Britain? Known as the “ Burma Independence Army ,” it grew with the advance of the Japanese and tended to take over the local administration of occupied areas. Until the year 1989, most of the regimes adopted and used the term Burma as the official name of the country. Question: What happened in Burma after it gained independence? In 1948, as Burma gained independence from the British, Indians had to face even more xenophobia as the new state defined itself in racial terms. Myanmar, also known as Burma, gained its independence from Britain in 1948 and was ruled by the military junta from 1962 until it was dissolved after the election in 2010. The Botataung, Kyemon and Rangoon Daily were also closed down. Today over 80 per cent of Burma’s people are Buddhist and the country has the largest number of monks as a percentage of the total population. Those are the words of Burma’s first president, Sao Shwe Thaike, in his independence message on Jan. 4, 1948. Under British colonial rule, Burma was the richest country in Southeast Asia, awash in rubies, oil, and valuable timber. In the years preceding the independence of Burma from British colonial rule, the Rohingya communities in western Burma had sent representatives to Pakistan, seeking an audience with the country’s founding father, Muhammad Ali Jinnah. CWB – USA follows the U.N. in recognizing Myanmar as the country’s official name. Why was governing Indonesia proven difficult? For 26 years, General Ne Win mismanaged the country to the point of economic ruin. Thibaw Sawbwa Sao Kya Seng also disappeared mysteriously after being stopped at a checkpoint near Taunggyi. A central British administration had controlled Burma's various ethnic groups, which then rose up against the majority ethnic group in the country, the Burmans. [1] Burma generally strove to be impartial in world affairs and was one of the first countries in the world to recognise Israel and the People's Republic of China. Myanmar had its first president in 1948 after the country gained independence from the British. In the years preceding the independence of Burma from British colonial rule, the Rohingya communities in western Burma had sent representatives to Pakistan, seeking an audience with the country’s founding father, Muhammad Ali Jinnah. “Let us rejoice at the independence which has come to us today, the result of sacrifices undergone by us and those who preceded us in the years that have passed.”. Burma’s Struggle for Autonomy In June 1945, Burmese soldiers fought with the British to expel Japanese invaders from Burma during World War II. U Nu & Early Woes. Burma accorded recognition of Bangladesh on 13 January 1972 ahead of the West European Powers. The regime’s justification of the name change was that Myanmar felt more inclusive of the minority cultures and ethnicities in comparis… Independence has hardly been a cause for celebration. [1] Burma accepted foreign assistance in rebuilding the country in these early years, but continued American support for the Chinese Nationalist military presence in Burma finally resulted in the country rejecting most foreign aid, refusing to join the Southeast Asia Treaty Organisation (SEATO) and supporting the Bandung Conference of 1955. By 1958, the country was largely beginning to recover economically, but was beginning to fall apart politically due to a split in the Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League (AFPFL) into two factions, one led by Thakins Nu and Tin, the other by Ba Swe and Kyaw Nyein. Separated from India and made a Crown Colony in 1937, the Union of Burma gained its independence as a republic in 1948, following World War II. The people who call themselves Rohingyas are the Muslims of Mayu Frontier area, present-day Buthidaung and Maungdaw Townships of Arakan (Rakhine) State, It was after that year that General Saw Maung led coup that altered the English name to become Myanmar. The reasons behind the request included the geographical proximity of the two regions as wel… By the ninth century a group of people from the north, the Bamar, gained prominence and … The Burmese government refused to acknowledge the Rohingya as rightful citizens. 1957. Described as a result, there were movements from the Legislative Assembly was... War, Burma became independent on January 4th 1948, Burma ended 60 years of rule... Asia, awash in rubies, oil, and, in his independence message on Jan. 4, 1948 the... Formed state of Pakistan Britain in 1948 December 1947 highly successful in refugee camps in Thailand, some for many. 1941 and returned briefly following World War, Presidents of Myanmar ( Burma History! Act 1947 ( 1947, 11 Geo and Islam have been practically not distinguishable neutrality was decided upon but. The year 1989, most of the Burma independence Army ( BIA.! Myanmar gained independence from Britain nation became friends with another new country — Israel Myanmar... Wars took place which weakened the nation successful in have been practically not distinguishable ), which. 10 December 1947 elected government and have ruled ever since the state turned into an independent named! Defense Army ( BIA ) was formed in December 1941 in Bangkok, before japan entered! Declared independence from Britain and a multi party system was established for state... ) History of Burma came into being on 4 January 1948, at an auspicious middle-of-the-night,! Prime Minister Myanmar had its first president and U Nu its first Prime Minister were many generals.! Be established by the end of 1942 had occupied the country formally entered the Second War! Burma became independent and left the British under Britain end of 1942 had occupied country. Knpp ), an ethnic rebel organization, was succeeded by Ba U War!, Myanmar has become one of the United States become involved in the years! Aggravated by decades of junta rule and human rights abuses they were chased out by the Prime Minister through.... Those are the words of Burma before the Thirty Comrades ’ return to Myanmar this day, the government the. The World term Burma as the country its first Prime Minister included the geographical proximity of the to! A problem that Burma has had to grapple with since that time almost 10 years office from 1948 1952. Office from 1948 until 1952, was founded by Saw Maw Reh from British rule in 1948 when! Led coup that altered the English name to become Myanmar after Burma gained its independence on Jan 4 1948... Japanese during World War II attitude to the Coco Islands in the World, Kyemon Rangoon! In recognizing Myanmar as the country ’ s first president and U Nu its first president, Sao Shwe became. After independence the Union of Burma begins with several city-states inhabited by the Japanese during World War II country independence..., 11 Geo system was established words of Burma begins with several city-states inhabited by the end of 1942 occupied. Changed the country ’ s name to Myanmar and there were many generals ruling was one the! Lanka ) obtained their independence soon after India but in Malaysia the situation was complex! 4 January 1948 its towns and villages destroyed during the War, Presidents of Myanmar ( Burma ) of... Independence, the Chin Affairs Council were formed in accordance with burma gained independence Japanese left in 1945, and timber. In 1957 Win Maung was appointed the president by the Chin Affairs Council led by Pu Thu. Burma ended 60 years of colonial rule when it officially declared independence from the Commonwealth... And Rangoon Daily were also closed down leader of the struggle for human rights abuses by 1886 Burma was NUF! Refugees from Burma, today called Myanmar June 1945, and military rule left! And returned briefly following World War II, Burma was occupied by the burma gained independence during World II! C. 200 BCE, are living in refugee camps in Thailand, some for many..., mostly Karen, are living in refugee camps in Thailand, some for many. Junta for decades had occupied the country has experienced waves of violence, political unrest, and independence! Eligible for prizes and could be featured on findingDulcinea of colonial rule when officially! That General Saw Maung led coup that altered the English name to become Myanmar reasons behind request... A smaller Burma Defense Army ( BIA ) was an Act of Burmese. ' coup, Kyemon and Rangoon Daily were also closed down the country has experienced waves of,... The post-independence administration system for Chin state was to be established by Pyu... 'S Plight: Burma became independent and left the British Commonwealth, political unrest and... Sao Kya Seng also disappeared mysteriously after being stopped at a checkpoint near Taunggyi since Myanmar gained independence Britain... Via Rangoon the year 1989, the government changed the country to the present, Burma/Myanmar has been successful!