Young trees tend to be somewhat pyramidal in shape and eventually may form a conical or oval-shaped crown as they mature. No need to register, buy now! The highly glossy foliage turns bright red in fall and holds its foliage longer than seedling black gums. The leaves are not discriminately shaped like maple or oak, they are single lobed. The common name of this wetland tree, tupelo, comes from the Creek Indian word for swamp. In addition to its sweet foliage, the tree is pretty sweet with bees, serving as a site for honey. The roots have to grow into the new area. Black gum has attractive, deeply ridged bark.Barbara H. Smith, ©2018 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Tupelo trees (Nyssa aquatica) in morning mist at Miller's Lake. ‘Autumn Cascades’ – A semi-weeping, female form with yellow-orange-red fall color. However, a few cultivated plants have both a cultivar name and a trademark name (followed by ® or ™). The alternately arranged, dark green, glossy leaves of black gum are 3-inches long.Barbara H. Smith, ©2018 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Family: Nyssaceae. The buds are ovate, pointed, green to light brown, dark brown in winter. The black gum tree is a shade tree native to North America and hardy to United States Department of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zones 4b through 9. The dark green glossy summer foliage takes center stage in fall when the leaves turn bright scarlet. It tolerates many soil types and moisture conditions, but is slow growing, reaching about 12 to 15 feet in about ten years, growing faster with a good watering and … 'Red Red Wine' (also listed as 'Red Wine') - New to this country and not commonly available, this cultivar is reportedly notable for the red coloring of the new growth, which becomes more subdued with age. Copyright © 2020 Clemson UniversityClemson Cooperative Extension | 103 Barre Hall Clemson, SC 29634864-986-4310 | Contact UsHGIC@clemson.edu, Insect and Disease Management for Home-Grown Fruits and Nuts, College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences, Centipedegrass Yearly Maintenance Program. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or … Throughout its native range, black gum is typically found along streams, swamp margins, and on upland sights. It is often one of the first trees to bud in the spring as well as the first to have its leaves turn in the fall. Afterburner® (‘David Odom’) – This cultivar has an upright pyramidal to oval shape and grows to 35 feet tall and 20 feet wide. » The black tupelo tree is the longest living non-clonal flowering plant in Eastern North America. If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at hgic@clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988. The leaf upsite is green and glossy. In the spring the first leaves of this tree emerge a brilliant fire-wagon red, which are beautiful on their own, but can providing a stunning backdrop for other specimen trees like dogwoods or redbuds. Power Line Approved: No. Typical problems include cankers, leaf spots, rust, tupelo leaf miner, black twig borer, and scale can sometimes be issues. The tree does have some drought tolerance and will sometimes naturally occur in dry areas. White Chapel® (‘Cherry Pie’) PP#27588 – This new cultivar has a strongly pyramidal shape to 50 feet tall and 25 feet wide. Blackgum or Black Tupelo is a native deciduous tree that grows throughout North Carolina and can reach 50 to 80 feet tall, but typically reaches 20 to 30 feet in cultivation. Forum™ (‘NXSXF’) – A fast growing cultivar with a central leader and conical shape. Black tupelo is a hardwood tree which grows to 75 feet tall, has a medium growth rate, pyramidal shape with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Fall color lingers longer than most other cultivars. Fire Starter® (‘JFS-Red’) PP#26795 – Tree shape is narrow oval to upright oval and grows to 35 feet tall and 18 feet wide. Min. Some new cultivars are also known to have accelerated growth rates (see Nyssa sylvatica Forum™ (‘NXSXF’) below). Dense/ tight habit when young. © Jost Benning 2004 - 2020 Imprint  privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view. itsgardeningtime.com We have a very tall tree that we admire every Autumn! Afterburner black tupelo trees are reported by be quite disease resistant and have beautiful fall color. Attractive blue to black fruit. Black gum or sour gum tree facts can be rather fascinating for arborists who study this hardy, towering native species. The type and amount of fertilizer required should be determined through soil testing. 30 to 40 feet tall and wide. Leaves are 3-6 inches in length and elliptical in shape. COVID-19 Extension Updates and Resources ... More Information », Factsheet | HGIC 1036 | Published: Oct 22, 2018 | Print | Download (PDF). With distinctive stout and many-branched trunks, black tupelo is easily recognized in wet forests. Black tupelo tree (Nyssa sylvatica) leaves in summer - Virginia USA. Add to that the beauty of its glossy summer foliage that turns bright red in fall. A variety of Black Tupelo, Nyssa sylvatica biflora (Swamp Tupelo), is very similar to the typical variety that is described here. It is usually included in the subfamily Nyssoideae of the dogwood family, Cornaceae, but is placed by some authorities in the family Nyssaceae. street tree planting width: 6 feet. Foliage is a shiny green color and is less susceptible to leaf spot. Newly planted trees always take a couple of years to transition into a new spot and become established. Nyssa sylvatica, Black Tupelo, notice brances growing out at 90 degrees then sloping down (Photo by: Ahodges7 / Wikimedia Commons) Black Tupelo could be a difficult tree to identify. In the home landscape, fruit drop may be undesirable on paved areas, patios/porches, and pathways. The leaves of the black gum tree are an elongated oval shape that offer a brilliant fall show. Tupelo / ˈ t uː p ɪ l oʊ /, genus Nyssa / ˈ n ɪ s ə /, is a small genus of deciduous trees with alternate, simple leaves. Fall color is a brilliant red. Nyssa is a genus of North American deciduous leaves. The leaves flutter easily in the slightest of breezes and form a rounded canopy. In the … Blackgum is generally found with other hardwood species such as black cherry, dogwood, eastern hophornbeam, and yaupon. At a medium rate, smooth- edged and crowded on short twigs accelerated growth (... 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