Social science sets itself against the impressions of common sense, yet studies in social psychology and evolutionary biology tend to confirm those impressions, otherwise known as "traditional stereotypes." The difference in physical strength between the sexes explains, at face value, why the military is still a man's world. The Greek word for courage is andreia, which comes from he-man and also means manliness. Essentialism makes reason rigid and morality judgmental. I have also met and read the works of women in Europe and America who describe courage as a permanent struggle against male domination in general, even after that struggle has been won many times over here. She can display it if she endures torture, even the threat of rape and death, but keeps secret any information that might compromise her family (father, husband, or the clan at large). On the other hand, Aristotle rejected this position in favour of a naturalistic one. It is the repetition of skill that determines your status and the development of virtuous characters requires a lifetime of work rather than a single week at a Virtue Ethics Bootcamp. A woman can display bravery if she saves her honor, the lives of her children, or protects the property of her husband or clan. And do we want to dispense with gallantry in men, which is related to protectiveness in husbands? More specifically, it focuses on the character of the actor or agent. Some features, at least, of the motivation to this renewed concern with … courage of the soldier the city would be taken over and the people enslaved. This paper examines the disadvantages and advantages of the virtue ethics theory. 971 Words 4 Pages. Various artists have revealed their own depictions of the young shepherd boy but two stand out among the masses. Consequently, it fails to provide clear guidelines on how people ought to behave. ordered soul will emerge bearing the fruit of four cardinal virtues: justice, courage, wisdom, & self -control. Aristotle contends virtue = habits of excellence. More specifically, it focuses on the character of the actor or agent. This position is supported by Hursthouse (1999) who argues that the definition of what is virtuous is ambiguous. Aristotle's virtue ethics was one of the first systematic treatments of ethical theory in the west. home | And after these women were raped, no male member was brave enough to confront the Kenyan police. “For the Florentines, David represented the essence of civic virtue-courage, fortitude, and faith” (Murray, 39). That sounds to me like struggle for the sake of struggle, with no aim. On the other hand, deontological theories are too rigid. It was not expected of her. Aristotle observed that virtues are acquired through habituation and disposition. The pros and cons of conformity in society show us that we need people who “go along to get along” just like we require some individuals to have the courage to step out on their own. All the promises of protection disappeared in an instant. But in the Ethics he speaks of courage as a virtue, and does not mention this sex difference. She collaborated with slain filmmaker Theo van Gogh on the film Submission. Professor of Government at Harvard University. It is interesting for me to see how the struggle in the West to give women equal rights has emancipated women, improved our position, protected us from violence, and given us the opportunity to live free and fruitful lives. Courage gives us the strength we need to face risk with confidence and grace. Courage is not solely for men, but it is mainly for men. Responsible choice guided by the inclinations of human nature is abandoned, and social science offers partial and partisan studies supposedly proving that women are either prisoners or conquerors of their inclinations. That is why the virtue theory is considered as an adjunct to theories of right action. The only problem with this is that you have to be both courageous and a coward, so how can you be both if your life and your troops life 's depend on you. The two pioneers behind virtues ethics are Aristotle and Plato. But courage is never purely one or the other; it is both, working together, human choice giving specificity to nature's given inclinations. A child and young adult, I expect, that none would to., making them less apt for courage utility does not prescribe to absolute rules room! Virtues Another weakness attributed to virtue ethics is the motto of the virtue theory considered! But that doe not make them morally good are pride, lust, envy, gluttony, anger, and! 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