Rocky Mountain maple Acer glabrum Torr Introduction. See the glossary for icon descriptions. Rocky Mountain maple occurs as a major component or dominant in seral shrubfields in the northern Rockies. Trunks are multiple in clumps, rarely getting over 3 inches in diameter at breast height (dbh). tree and shrub identification course, Natural Resources 222 that was one of the required courses for all forestry and natural resource majors at the college. Every camp is an adventure for the children but also an incredible educational experience. Wings about 20 mm. Upper surface is dark green and smooth, but strongly textured by the veins, the lower surface is paler with fine hairs. In Minnesota it is frequent along the north shore of Lake Superior and up through the Arrowhead, becoming less common westward. Leaves most often have three lobes although, on occasion, two lower lobes may be present resulting in a five-lobed leaf. 10) Arctostaphylos uva-ursi: Red Bearberry (pg. Mountain maple is the smallest of our native maple species. Scientific name: Acer glabrum. Mountain maple enjoys moist, well-drained soil and has a preference for limy substrate. Mountain maple is essentially a shrub. This tall shrub is extremely important in riparian systems, where the dense layering that occurs from roots and new shoots helps to prevent erosion on banks. Mountain Maple is an uncommon small tree found at higher elevations in the Mountains of North Carolina. Other names for the tree include dwarf maple (for its short size) or moose maple (for its attractiveness as a food source for moose in other provinces). Short white hairs adorn the underside of the leaf, while the upper surface is light green from spring through the summer and turns a vibrant red-orange in the fall. The leaves grow in pairs opposite one another at the stem nodes. Acer campestre: Field Maple, Hedge Maple, Érable champêtre, Feldahorn, Massholder, Spaanse aak, Veldesdoorn Trees, on the other hand, typically have one large erect stem (the ‘trunk’) and are taller than shrubs. Species: spicatum. Mountain Maple is the smallest of Minnesota's native Acer species, growing as a tall shrub or small tree. Leafed-out plants should be planted after the last frost, up until mid-August. This process is similar to the first form, except rather than roots creating vegetative stems, low hanging branches root into the ground and follow a similar mechanism. The species is also particularly well adapted for succession in clear cut forest land. https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/shrub/acegla/all.html Tree Seeds Conifer Deciduous Edible Fruit/Nuts Evergreen Leaves Hardwood Ornamental Fruit Palm Shade Tree ALL. Older branches and trunk are mottled gray, smooth or somewhat rough. However, what it … Jan 25, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Sara Connelly. The variety is named after David Douglas, Relationships: There are nearly 150 species of maples worldwide. Fruit matures from September into October and the cluster stalk becomes drooping. Common Name: Mountain … Rocky Mountain maple is usually tall and spindly in closed stands, with a more dense and brushy growth form in open stands. In our SE it prefers cooler north and east facing slopes in the understory of larger trees. The course and the supporting manual were aimed almost exclusively for forestry and related majors. Cover the seeds with about ¼” (.64cm) of soil, and mulch for the winter. A lack of seed combined with increased soil temperatures and moisture stress inhibit tree regeneration and maintain the shrubfields. They should not be confused with the desirable maple species when performing management practices such as thinning or release cuts. Nursery stock grown below 6000 feet leafs out earlier. In Minnesota it is frequent along the north shore of Lake Superior and up through the Arrowhead, becoming less common westward. The Rocky Mountain Maple is a deciduous shrub, small dwarf tree or clump. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. To find mountain maple, look in these habitats for a tall, many-stemmed shrub with thin, grayish-brown bark that is smooth on the small stems and has shallow fissures on larger ones. Very ornamental; dark red twigs, fruit tinged red, yellow fall color. However, the history of their usage by Indigenous peoples is ample. rose-fruit Rocky Mountain maple, Sierra maple, California mountain maple, New Mexico maple, box maple, rock maple, dwarf maple, Uses Rocky Mountain maple is planted to a limited extent to improve wildlife habitat, to stabilize slopes, and to provide low-maintenance landscaping. In our SE it prefers cooler … At its tallest, it reaches only 30 feet and is usually considered a shrub, rather than a tree. Arranged around a central stem in drooping clusters. This maple may be small but the impact it has on landscape designs is large! The leaves are easily told apart from Red Maple by their rugose texture -- the veins are deeply impressed in the leaf. In particular, poultices were made from the outer bark to soothe sore eyes and infusions from younger twigs were used to remedy against smoke in one’s eye. Rocky Mountain Maple is the most northern member of the maple family found in the Rockies.. Characteristics: This many-stemmed large shrub can reach a maximum height of 20 to 25 feet. Large monoecious or dioecious, shrubs or small trees up to 15 m. Twigs glabrous, red to purple. Keys on short, sometimes branched, stalks. Habitat: 5500 ft. - 9000 ft. (1650 m. - 2700 m.), in moist montane areas. List of Maple Shrubs, Acer Genus - All known species, taxa on Earth, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second. Shrub and Vine Seeds Shrub Seeds Vine Seeds ALL. Genus: ACER. Once large enough, the fruit will outweigh their stalks, causing them to droop and hang in vibrant clusters. It is most easily identified by the opposite paired arrangement of its leaves and branches and its 3lobed leaf with coarse teeth. Seedcase indented on one side. Rocky Mountain maple, Acer glabrum, is a branching, sometimes tree-like, shrub that can reach heights of 15 to 30 feet. HABITAT TYPES AND PLANT COMMUNITIES : Mountain maple is an understory or subcanopy component in a number of northeastern forest associations. A big thank you to Jenna Marie Cahill for contributing this nature guide. Most are from […] The flowers produce the notable two-winged fruit typical of all maple plants. The trunk diameter is 4 to 8 inches, short, with short, slender, upright branches. Remove from the heat and add in the apple cider vinegar and maple syrup. It is relatively short lived but where old canes have been lost to age, fire or mechanical damage it can resprout vigorously from the roots. It prefers moist soils, especially along canyons and mountain slopes in coniferous forests. Seral shrubfields have also been maintained with prescribed fire. As its name suggests, it is a cool temperature species and in its eastern US range it only goes south in the higher elevations of the Appalachians. As its name suggests, it is a cool temperature species and in its eastern US range it only goes south in the higher elevations of the Appalachians. Mountain Maple is our smallest maple species, and has the most northerly range. Buncombe Co., NC 7/8/06. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? The Latin species name, meaning "hairless," refers to the leaves. In comparison to other maples, mountain maple has the most northerly range and can tolerate a cold climate. The leaves are roundish, from 3 to 5 inches broad and long, 3-lobed or some are slightly 5-lobed; margins are coarse and sharply toothed, a dark yellow-green, smooth, paler beneath and covered with a grayish hairs. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. Inflorescence a few-flowered panicle on short leafy side shoots. The seeds are very pink in the fall! 11) Artemisia tridentate: Big Sagebrush (pg. They thrive along stream banks and other riparian areas. Mountain Maple White Maple Aceraceae (Maple Family) Description. Discover (and save!) Shrubs included in this guide: Acer circinatum: Vine Maple (pg. It also grows at high elevations in the southern Appalachian Mountains to northern Georgia. Stir and then strain the mixture through a sieve into a glass jar. Mountain Maple produces small keys that are eaten by moose and deer in the spring. The striking red bark and contrasting light green leaves, turning red in the fall, make it a desirable ornamental shrub. Upright or nodding, columnar panicles 1½ to 3 inches tall and an inch or more wide, appearing after leaves are fully developed. Did you know? Beaver, snowshoe hare, and ruffed grouse all browse heavily on mountain maple buds on Prince Edward Island. This cranberry shrub can be served over ice with equal parts club soda. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. It grows on wetlands, stream banks and slopes. While technically a tall shrub, Acer spicatum is commonly referred to as a tree. 11) Acer glabrum: Rocky Mountain Maple (pg. The northernmost maple in the New World, it extends through southeastern Alaska. After germination, keep the seedlings watered and weeded. The Rocky Mountain maple is significantly more compact than its cousins in other states. Bring … Shrubs are woody plants, generally under 20 feet (6.1m) and have many slender diverging stems extending from their base. Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest, Photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk taken in Aitkin, Cook and Lake counties. In fact, an 80% removal of new branch growth each year results in peak productivity. NPS photo by D. Biddle. The bark of the plant is variable based on age and growing conditions but is typically presented as smooth and gray-brown in color. Leaves are simple and opposite, the blade up to 5½ inches long and nearly as wide, heart-shaped at the base, with 3 to 5 palmate lobes. Male and female flowers are typically present in same cluster, perfect flowers (both male and female parts) may also be present. Flower stalks are ¼ to 3/8 inch long and hairy. At maturity, it can exceed 25 feet high. Acclimate plants by gradually exposing them to mountain conditions over a period of several days or weeks. Their primary use in today’s society is, as previously mentioned, as a bank stabilizer to prevent soil erosion in riparian areas. Though it may have a single dominant stem, Rocky Mountain maple most often … It is usually scattered in climax types, such as spruce-fir or sugar maple; it attains shrub-layer dominance in mid-seral types and occasionally will form a dense, continuous shrub layer in disturbed forests. I have a great photograph if you wish to use. Family: Aceraceae. Douglas Maple Acer glabrum var. However, other studies have found that 2 years after burning, Rocky Mountain maple only recovered 8% of its prefire crown volume, and proportion of total shrub volume had decreased from 80% prefire to 14% postfire . Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. Trees, on the other hand, typically have one large erect stem (the ‘trunk’) and are taller than shrubs. your own Pins on Pinterest The stalk is less than or equal to the length of the blade and is typically quite red. It usually has several stems arising from the base and is essentially smooth. When you want an attractive deciduous tree or shrub, the beautiful Rocky Mountain maple is a Colorado favorite. Rocky Mountain Maple. The fruit is smaller than other maples and turns a bright red overtime. Maples are generally deciduous, with light-coloured, straight-grained wood. Off-island, mountain maple buds provide ample forage for deer and moose. Growth Characteristics: Rocky Mountain maple is a small, rather delicate-looking tree, with opposite, ascending to erect branches, rounded twigs, and a narrow crown. Leaves turn to yellow then orange or red in fall. Mature in late summer. The leaves are 5-12cm long and have 3 main lobes, bordered by prominent saw … Thanks for your understanding. The twigs tend to be green or reddish and often a combination of the two, and they are finely pubescent. In … Primarily, the plant was used to treat eye irritation. Mountain maple is uniquely adapted to manage susceptibility to heavy browsing, to the point where shrubs are more productive when they are browsed thoroughly and frequently. The leaves are regularly toothed and shallowly lobed and the buds have only two conspicuous outer scales ("valvate" buds). A mountain maple shrub will produce lateral stems beneath the soil surface. Incurved. … Deer, elk, cattle, and sheep browse the foliage. Ruffed grouse in particular feed on the winter buds of mountain maple, and, in some ecosystems, these buds may be their primary food source for the season. In-depth courses on a variety of topics from native botany to woodlot management to chainsaw safety. Form. One year old twigs are brown to reddish, sometimes with a purplish cast, and hairy. See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. View All Mountain Maple, Moosewood ACER spicatum . Angle between wings less than 90°. 2) Amelanchier alnifolia: Saskatoon Service-Berry (pg. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. This distinction is based on the size and stem of the plant. The two basal lobes are typically no more than a larger tooth along the serrated edge. Then we plant the seeds so that they are almost touching, in rows 4” (10cm) apart in a nursery bed. Male flowers have 7 or 8 spreading stamens, female have two small pinkish stigmas. Shrubs are woody plants, generally under 20 feet (6.1m) and have many slender diverging stems extending from their base. Layering is another form of vegetative reproduction which mountain maple utilize. Pick an image for a larger view. Leaves ovate-cordate, glabrous, 3–12 cm across, 3- to 5-lobed, doubly serrate; petioles red. Length. Your Name: Drought and partial shade tolerance. For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. douglasii (Hook. This distinction is based on the size and stem of the plant. Be a part of something big and join us in making healthy Island forests a reality. However, despite their aptitude for cleared land, the plants are also shade tolerate and do well as understory vegetation. Rocky Mountain Maple (Acer glabrum) The Rocky Mountain maple is a shrub or small tree.