The aim of the conference was to show that the close cooperation of Jewish and Christian biblical scholars can help both sides to a deeper understanding of their common biblical heritage. He ended up sparking a theological movement, authors... Tim: ...liberation theology. These are his words. Other prophets, working in the sister kingdom of Judah, are indignant about similar things. Jon: It's a big debate right now with healthcare. Righteousness is an outward-oriented standard of how I relate to other people, particularly how I relate to people in difficult situations. What God is about specifically is judging fairly on behalf of those who usually receive injustice, that is the vulnerable. Because most people that win the lottery their lives get destroyed, either because they just start overspending and they become miserable because it's not actually making them happy. In other words, seeking justice places the emphasis on the outcome: you can't have justice without the power to make it happen. Anyway, that's a whole other thing. Psalm 99. Tim: Here you just have to reckon with this fact. Justice and righteousness, its primary meaning is my posture towards the vulnerable and the poor in my community. And if he gives his bread to the hungry and covers the naked with clothing, then he will find life. But I think at least we're not doing anybody any favors by saying, "Well, that's not actually what the Bible says.". The branch or the shoot is an image for the king, and the spirit breasts on him, the appointing spirit rests on him, the sevenfold spirit: Spirit of the LORD, wisdom, understanding, counsel, strength, spirit of knowledge, and the fear of the LORD. The epistle of James declares that the church has a responsibility to live now as we will then in the coming kingdom of our Savior. Its most basic meaning, if you look in the dictionary, and people have written whole books on this, at its core, it's a relational term meaning a standard of right relationship. There might be ways. God’s righteousness is apart from the law and comes through faith in Christ and saves us. And so you're making arguments from either side, and it just depends on what you think is more just a way to talk about it. At the same time, for Paul as for other New Testament writers there can be no doubt that human behavior has to be in correspondence to God's righteousness. Jon: What you should boast in, what should make you stoked is your connection to God. Here's an example from Ezekiel chapter 18. Jon shares a story about some of the difficulties in practices of community justice. Tim: Yeah. Fight for the rights of widows. Righteousness. In the 1960s and 70s, there was a really influential theologian from Peru. Rather, the one who boasts in anything has only one thing to boast about. Righteousness as understood in the OT (Old Testament) is a thoroughly Hebraic concept, foreign to the western mind and at variance with the common understanding of the term. Tim: When you do mishpat, you are upholding righteousness. It means "to make an excuse for." Tim: If you make those, what defines your value and your identity, you have no clue who God is. What is Righteousness in the New Testament? But with tzedakah, he will render mishpat for the poor and decide with fairness for the afflicted of the earth. Restorative justice (also sometimes called "reparative justice") is an approach to justice that focuses on restoring what is good, and necessarily focuses on the needs of victims and offenders. YES, justice is in the Bible, AND we need the Bible to guide us into how to practically do it everyday. I was eyes for the blind, feet for the lame, father for the needy; I investigated the case which wasn't my own. It is no wonder that Jesus’ recorded life included so many examples of ministry to those who were on the margins of society. 3. And what kinds of actions display that standard? Is it just kind of this hand in hand thing that people who are vulnerable are usually taken advantage of? That is, God will empower us to live the kinds of righteous lives he calls us to live. 3:21-22) But there’s a problem with looking for justice in the New Testament. The New Testament makes it clear that we are not to be content with just waiting for the Lord’s return to bring justice to this earth. Tim: Just like that. Some people are just born into a situation and they are setup disadvantage. The aim of the conference was to show that the close cooperation of Jewish and Christian biblical scholars can help both sides to a deeper understanding of their common biblical heritage. But yeah, the biblical authors are completely in tune with all of this. And this is huge debate in our time. But the question is, what does it look like to do justice? They're not a state run. Finally, the Book of Revelation confirms that justice will be eternally established at the consummation of all things. In Hebrew righteousness, there are a few words that come from one root, but tzedakah is the most common expression of the root. When we read Psalm 99, "Righteousness and justice are the foundation of your throne" or we read about the Messianic king that he will come and rule with righteousness and justice, what it's being talked about there is mishpat for the vulnerable and righteousness is the character trait or the standard. It's what Job did, just average day to day person, it's what Ezekiel, talks about, it's what the Messianic King will do when he comes. Or do you let the free market decide in which case then really you're just creating more choice for people? New Testament -- Theology, Bible New Testament. Justice is a primary theme in the New Testament from Matthew to Revelation. Justice Isaiah 56:1-12 Thus says the Lord: “Keep justice, and do righteousness, for soon my salvation will come, and my deliverance be revealed. It is plain to see that there are many verses in the New Testament that admonish Christians to practice a life style of righteousness, doing right, obeying the Law of God and to pursue Justice. Until then, every act of mercy from the Lord or His followers serves as a foretaste of His coming kingdom when it will be on earth just as it is in heaven. There are other people who through some choices of their own, but some not. But then for whatever reason, when you step into that world, it starts getting really complicated. That's part of our market economy. If I'm claiming to be a religious person who basis my view of the world on the Bible, my vision of the just society has to be informed by this. He not only ministered to a thief, He redeemed a dying thief (Luke 23:32-33). Historically, there have been many seasons in the history of the Jesus movement where networks of local churches created institutions that now in our day are a part of our centralized governments or part of our market economies like hospitals. Jon: Mercy and justice show up a lot, and then this word righteousness is also showing up in the mix. This is one example. ", Tim: Yeah. You just had to work a bit more for it than going to 7-Eleven and getting a ticket. So he just started writing. Justice oriented towards the vulnerable in my community is what he thinks when we read the phrase righteousness and justice. This is interesting. Thus, in this last section of the book, Isaiah was combining his two treatments of righteousness: (1) we should live upright lives that reflect God’s intended order for life (justice) because (2) he, in saving us, will impart his righteousness to us. Notice the vulnerable triad there. Righteousness is defined as "the quality of being morally correct and justifiable." To justify. But in Hebrew it's tzedakah. Stay tuned for that. Tim: I think so. The Greek New Testament word for “righteousness” primarily describes conduct in relation to others, especially with regards to the rights of others in business, in legal matters, and beginning with relationship to God. Tim: It means He judges fairly, He sees what's happening in the world and He does and will bring recompense and judge fairly. Jon: What makes God delight is mercy, justice, and righteousness. The book of Isaiah, his poetry, especially about the future hope for the Messianic King is filled with this righteousness and justice language. In later Hebrew, and even still today, the word tzedakah is now one of the basic words in modern Hebrew for a gift to the poor. On the contrary, they are extolling Him because His ways are “just and true.” One day, all the saved from every generation who experienced injustice on the earth will worship the Lord and proclaim that the King was and is faithful and true, even in the midst of their difficulties. My hunch is that on healthcare debate...I mean, I actually don't understand the details. Proverbs 18:5 It is n ot right to acquit the guilty or deny justice to the innocent. (Rom. Tim: About 10 years ago, he wrote I think the most robust case for a Christian vision of justice that is respected widely in just the academic ethical philosophy field. So doing right by people through acts of mishpat, that's the foundation of God's ruling character. He says, "Lower classes are not only disproportionately vulnerable to injustice but are disproportionately actual victims of injustice. Now we're to righteousness. Just recently - was it on a podcast or something - someone was interviewing him and finally kind of was getting his story. It was at death that the inversion of their status took place, for the rich man went to hell while Lazarus arrived in paradise. However, there are over a dozen references to the Sermon on the Mount and the theme of justice is echoed on every page. It kind of bring it really practically here in Portland. He'll strike the earth with a rod of his mouth; with the breath of his lips he'll slay the wicked. It was encapsulated by this phrase that he coined, called, if you look at the God of the Bible, who reveals himself as the God of the Exodus - he calls it the God has a preferential option for the poor." (Matthew 25:31-46). Wisdom—, Tim: Yeah, right. He thinks, the best definition of that phrase is not to translate each word individually, but to use one phrase for it. Like, "Sure, yeah, we should take care of the poor, but let's do it through the church, not through the government. It's a very helpful book. Jon: How much power and authority you have. God’s righteousness includes His justice. It's not simple. 33 At the very outset of His earthly ministry, Jesus set out to contrast His interpretation of the Old Testament teaching on righteousness with that of the scribes and Pharisees. Tim: You should write a short book about that. You've done right by me. I think there is lots of room for debate. That's what every lottery winner should ever do. Is that the case throughout the Old Testament? Jon: You're talking about the word righteousness or tzedakah? It is not saying that. Jon: I mean, are there? Why do I value the mishpat of the vulnerable? I mean, if we want to say we're trying to be faithful to the Bible and its wisdom about justice, I don't know... Tim: You just read it. 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