Includes bibliographical re ferences and index. The OS is also what runs your cell phone and most of your electronic devices. A comprehensive database of more than 10 introduction to computer quizzes online, test your knowledge with introduction to computer quiz questions. A beginner s introduction to computer programming : you can do it! Find materials for this course in the pages linked along the left. quizlet co m 247617918 introduction to co mp uters fl a sh c a rds 6 9 COMPUTER from C10V C10J at Ashworth College Languages include C, Python, SQL, and JavaScript plus CSS and HTML. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Examples of hardware in a computer are the keyboard, the monitor, the mouse and the central processing unit. Software Development Methods - Something we've touched on before, but understand the steps and the different methodologies. Program we'll be using to create programs. Software Development (10% of the Introduction to Computing DSST) Intro to Programming - Just in case you ignored my earlier advice to read the entire lesson. paper) 1. An introduction to the intellectual enterprises of computer science and the art of programming. Chemistry Education Instructional Resources web site https://chemdemos.uoregon.edu. 1 . The key is then used to decrypt the scrambled message into the original form… This is also sometime called the machinery or the equipment of the computer. Operating systems are the foundation of your computer and almost every electronic device. p. cm. Highly popular operating system that features a graphical operating system and a large number of hardware and software vendors creating compatible peripherals and software applications. Description. This chapter discusses these components. This course is an introduction to Logic from a computational perspective. Introduction to Computer Security draws upon Bishop's widely praised Computer Security: Art and Science, without the highly complex and mathematical coverage that most undergraduate students would find difficult or unnecessary.The result: the field's most concise, accessible, and useful introduction. The computer that manages the server can be optimized for its duties. System software can be separated into two different categories, utility programs and operating systems. Introduction to Computer Science using Java by Bradley Kjell is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License. ... Introduction to Computer Ethics . The server runs Oracle software and handles the functions required for concurrent, shared data access. System Software . I. Many businesses, schools, and home computers run Windows. Software Development Methods - Something we've touched on before, but understand the steps and the different methodologies. An example would be to get weather information from the net and display it. Launched in 1985, Mac Operating systems is Run by apple computers and known for their ease of use and solid reliability, and are especially popular in some home, school, and academic environments. In any level of our academics, we will be required to know a thing or two about computers. Return to the list of courses. Computer software is used to communicate with the computer processor to direct certain operations to be performed. Take it up and see how much you remember from the introduction to computers. Released in 1984. Quizlet trains students via flashcards and various games and tests. For example, it can have large disk capacity and fast processors. computer virus: A software program installed without the user’s knowledge and designed to alter the way a computer operates or to cause harm to the computer system. Mike works for a Software development company which develops computer games for children aged 8-14. Quizlet trains students via flashcards and various games and tests. the part of the system unit of a computer, the "brains" that is responsible for data processing; it is the largest and most important chip in the computer and controls all the functions performed by the computer's other components and processes all the commands issued to it by software instruction Title. • A computer is made up of hardware. Doors of Durin on the Wall of Moria (Future Web Site Hosting Computer … Introduction to Computers Hardware and Software : Hardware. This is one of over 2,200 courses on OCW. After a brief introduction to programming concepts, this unit focuses on the importance of abstraction and modularity for managing complexity. The OS is, for the most part, the GUI (graphical user interface) that shows you all of your applications, and without the OS you cannot use the computer. Start studying Introduction to Computer Software. This is done through computer programming languages. Software can be broken into two parts: System Software and Application Software. There are many dif… Welcome! The purpose of a device driver is to make hardware like a mouse or printer, work with the operating system. A Firewall is a type of security system that creates a wall that checks all incoming and outgoing messages to ensure only authorized traffic goes through. It was created by Andrew Sutherland in October 2005 and released to the public in January 2007. Introduction To Computers: Hardware and Software In this section of notes you will learn about the basic parts of a computer and how they work. CHAPTER 1 — Introduction to Computer Systems A computer is a complex system consisting of both hardware and software components. Slide 1 of 84 TOPIC CHAPTER 1: Introduction To Computers A computer is a machine that manipulates data according to a list of instructions. 2.3. Some examples are "C", "C++", "C#", "FORTRAN", "COBOL", "Pascal", "assembly", "Java", or "Basic". Offered by Stanford University. Linux can also be run on small embedded systems that do not have a large monitor, so it's common to control a Linux system through a command-line interface. Over the ensuing decades, many corporations created so-called "IT departments" to manage the computer technologies related to their business. Any kind of software that runs on top of the operating system. Introduction to Microsoft© Word 2007 . It ties together all of the hardware components and gives the user a way to control the computer. Introduction to Computer Hardware Chapter Exam Instructions. Don't show me this again. CHAPTER 1 — Introduction to Computer Systems A computer is a complex system consisting of both hardware and software components. Another way to protect your information is through encryption. A broad and robust understanding of computer science and programming How to think algorithmically and solve programming problems efficiently Concepts like abstraction, algorithms, data structures, encapsulation, resource management, security, software engineering, and web development But, since you are goi… James Tam Software is a program that enables a computer to perform a specific task, as opposed to the physical components of the system (hardware). Hardware refers to the physical elements of a computer. Hardware refers to the physical elements of a computer. Doors of Durin on the Wall of Moria (Future Web Site Hosting Computer … that identifies what kind of family of files the file belongs to, or which application should be used to read the file, a collection of related pieces of information stored together for easy reference, an index if all dector numbers that the hard drive stores in a table to keep track of which sectors hold which files, a program that takes out redundencies in a file to reduce the file size, the process by which humans or computer software provide organizational structure to a computer's contents, the first part of the label apploed to a file; generally the name a user assigns to the file while saving it, the exact location of a file, starting with the drive in which the file is located, and including all folders, subfolders, the file name, and the extension, system software that controls hardware devices, a collection of files stored on a computer, a mini-application that runs on the desktop, offering easy access to a frequently used tool such as weather or a calendar item, unlike the command- and menu-driven interfaces used in earlier software, GUIs display graphics and use the point-and-click technology of the mouse and cursor, making them much more user-friendly, a picture on a computer display that represents an object such as a software application or a file or folder, a signal that tells the operating system that it is in need of immediate attention, a special numerical code that prioritizes requests from various devices, the essential component of the operating system that is responsible for managing the processor and all other components of the computer system; because it stays in random access memory (RAM) the entire time the computer is powered on, the kernel is called memory resident, a Windows feature that starts the computer by using the registry information that was saved during the last shutdown, in Windows 7, a folder that is used to display files from different locations as if they were all saved in a single folder, regardless of where they are actually stored in the file hierarchy, an open source operating system based on UNIX; often used on web servers because of the stable nature of this operating system, the first commercially available operating system to incorporate a graphical user interface (GUI) with user-friendly point-and-click technology, a large, expensive computer that supports hundreds or thousands of users simultaneously and executes many different programs at the same time, a list of commands that displays on the screen, a user interface in which the user chooses a command from menus displayed on the screen, a single-user, single-task operating system created by Microsoft that was the first widely installed operating system in personal computers, the ability of an operating system to perform more than one process at a time, multiuser operating system (network operating system), an operating system that enables more than one user to access the computer system at one time by efficiently juggling all the requests from multiple users, the process of swapping data or instructions that have been placed in the swap file for later use back into active random access memory (RAM); the contents of the hard drive's swap file them become less active data or instrictions, the backslash (\) mark used by Microsoft Windows and DOS in file names, the combination of a computer's operating system and processor; the two most common platform types are the PC and the Apple Macintosh, the technology that enables the operating system to recognize automatically any new peripherals and configure them to work with the system, the first job the basic input/output system (BIOS) performs, ensuring the essential peripheral devices are attached and operational, when the operating system processes the task assigned a higher priority before processing a task that has been assigned a lower priority, a program with a specific purpose that must guarantee certain response times for particular computing tasks, or else the machine's application is useless, a folder on a Windows desktop in which deleted files from the hard drive are held until permanently purged from the system, a portion of the hard drive containing all the different configurations used by the Windows operating system (OS) as well as by other applications, a group of icons collected for easy access, the top level of the filing structure in a computer system, a special diagnostic mode designed for troubleshooting errors that occur during the boot process, on the desktop, the bar that appears at the side or bottom of the window and controls which part of the information is displayed on the screen, a section of hard drive platter, wedge-shaped from the center of the platter to the edge, a device that combines the functionality of a cellphone, and PMP, and a PDA into one unit, the instructions programmers write in a higher-level language, a program that helps coordinate all print jobs sent to the printer at the same time, a temporary storeage area on the hard drive where the operating system "swaps out" the data from the random access memory (RAM) that have not recently been used, any of the main files of an operating system, a utility in Windows that restores system settings to a specific previous date when everything was working properly, in Windows, a snapshot of your entire system's settings used for restoring your system to a prior point in time, in later versions of Windows OS, a feature that displays open and favorite applications for easy access, a Windows utility that shows programs currently running and permits you to exit non-responsive programs when you click End Task, a Windows utility that enables you to schedule tasks to run automatically at predetermined times with no interaction necessary on your part, a condition of excessive paging in which the operating system becomes sluggish, a concentric circle that serves as a storage area on a hard drive platter, an operating system originally conceived in 1969; in 1974, the UNIX code was rewritten in the standard programming language C, part of the operating system that enables individuals to interact with the computer, a small program that performs many of the general housekeeping tasks for the computer, such as system maintenance and file compression, the space on the hard drive where the operating system stores data if there isn't enough random access memory (RAM) to hold all of the programs you're currently trying to run, a mini-application developed for the Macintosh platform, in a graphical user interface, a rectangular box that contains programs displayed on the screen, an operating system by Microsoft that incorporates a user-friendly, graphical interface, Microsoft operating system that builds upon the security and user interface upgrades that the Windows Vista releave provided, and gives users with touch-screen monitors the ability to use touch commands to scroll, resize windows, pan, and zoom, the main tool for finding, viewing, and managing the contents of your computer by showing the location and contents of every drive, folder, and file, a wireless standard established in 1997 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers; also known as WiFi, it enables wireless network devices to work seamlessly with other networks and devices, the accommodation of current devices being able to use previously issued software standards in addition to the current standards, a UTP cable type that provides more than 1 GB of thoughtput, a single copper wire surrounded by layers of plastic insulation and sheathing; used mainly in cable television and cable internet service, a network that uses the Ethernet protocol as the means by which the nodes on the network communicate, a cable that transmits data at close to the speed of light along glass or plastic fibers, a software program or hardware device designed to prevent unauthorized access to computers or networks, the most commonly used wired Ethernet standard deployed in devices designed for home networks which provides bandwidth of ip to 1 Gbps, anyone who unlawfully breaks into a computer system, a network located in a home that is used to connect all of its digital devices, a device designed to store media, share media across the network, and back up filed on computers connected to a home network, a physical address that is assigned to each network adapter; it is made up of six 2-digit characters such as 01:40:87:44:79:A5, a wide area network (WAN) that links users in a specific geographical area, such as within a city or country, a design in newer routers that provides for faster wireless data transmission by utilizing more than one antenna to transmit and receive data, a group of two or more computers that are configured to share information and resources such as printers, files, and databases, a device that enables the computer to communicate with the network using a common data communication language, or protocol, someone who has training in computer and peripheral maintenance and repair, network design, and the installation of network software, a specialized computing device designed to store and manage network data, the design of a computer network; includes both physical and logical design, a device on a network such as a router, hub, and switch that moves data signals around the network, software that handles requests for information, Internet access, and the use of peripherals for the rest of the network nodes, a device (such as a printer or external hard drive) that can be attached directly to a network instead of needing to attach to a computer on the network, a device connected to a network such as a computer, a peripheral (such as a printer), or a communications device (such as a modem), a small segment of data that is bundled for sending over transmission media; each packet contains the address of the computer or peripheral device to which it is being sent, a network in which each node connected to the network can communicate directly with every other node on the network, the process of connecting to a wireless network without the permission of the owner of the network, a device that routes packets of data between two or more networks, a network name that wireless routers use to identify themselves, a device for transmitting data on a network that has the capability to make decisions, based on the media access control (MAC) address of the data, as to where the data is to be sent, a device in a wireless network that translates the electronic data that needs to be sent along the network into radio waves and the broadcasts the waves to other network nodes, the radio waves or cable that transport data on a network, cables made of copper wires that are twisted around each other and are surrounded by a plastic sheath, the most popular transmission media option for Ethernet networks, composed of four pairs of wires that are twisted around each other to reduce electrical interference, a network made up of local area networks (LANs) connected over long distances, the 802.11 standard for wireless data transmissions, a device that amplifies your wireless signal to get it out to parts of your home that are experiencing poor connectivity. The latest game that Mike worked on, uses inferential reasoning and allows players to choose different characters, primarily macho man and sexy woman. A PowerPoint presentation for instructional purposes that can be adopted or modified by the classroom teacher to supplement a lesson plan. ISBN 0-470-86398-6 (Paper : alk. There are many different forms of this application such as Norton and Windows Security Essentials. portable media played, and PDAs, a drive that uses the same kind of memory that flash drives use, but can reach data in only a tenth of the time a flash drive requires, a place through which a peripheral device attaches to the computer so that data can be exchanged between it and the operating system, a port that can connect a wide variety of peripheral devices to the computer such as keyboards, printers, and digital cameras, a port that can give you acces to networks and the Internet or enable your computer to function as a fax machine, a port that transfers data up to speeds of 1000 Mbps and enables your computer to connect to a digital subscriber line (DSL) or cable modem, or a network, a secondary connectivity port that will accept a standard phone line connector; it uses a traditional telephone line to connect to the Internet, a type of technology used to transmit video signals; used on newer LCD monitors as well as other multimedia devices such as TVs and DVD players, video interface technology that newer LCD monitors as well as other multimedia devices such as TVs and DVD players use to connect to a PC, high-definition multimedia interface (HDMI), the latest digital connector interface that carries both HD video and uncompressed visual audio on one cable, transforms the wall voltage to the voltages required by computer chips; housed inside the system unit, a power-saving in which all of the documents, applications, and data you were using remail in RAM, where they are quickly accessible when you wake your computer, a power-saving mode that stores your data in memory and saves it to your computer's hard drive, restarting the system while the computer is powered on, how you set up your computer and other equipment to minimize your risk of injury of discomfort, a method of optical storage for digital data, developed for storing high-definition media; it has the largest storage capacity of all optical storage options, a method of optical storage for digital data; originally developed for storing digital audio, the process of starting a computer from a powered-down or off state, a method of optical storage for digital data that has a greater storage capacity than compact discs, a hard drive that is installed inside the system unit, organic light-emitting diode (OLED) display, a display that uses organic compounds to produce light when exposed to an electric current; unlike LCDs, OLEDs do not require a backlight to function and therefore draw less power and have a much thinner display, manipulating or organizing data into information, a device that can project images from your computer onto a wall or viewing screen, a small, joystick-like nub that enables you to move the cursor with the tip of your finger, a small camera that sits on top of a computer monitor or is built into a notebool computer and is usually used to transfer live video, a software program that goes out and grabs the latest update of Web material (usually podcasts) according to your specifications, a device that enables users to have a wireless Internet access with mobile devices such as smart phones and notebooks, a feature in some browsers that places a marker of a website's URL in an easily retrievable list, a word used to refine logical searches; for internet searches, the words AND, NOT, and OR describe the relationships between keywords in the search, a list that shows the hierarchy of previously used web pages within the web site you are currently visiting, a high-speed internet connection such as cable, satellite, or DSL, e-commerce transactions between businesses, e-commerce transactions between businesses and consumers, a type of broadband internet connection that uses a television's cable service provider to connect to the internet, an area on the web where people come together to communicate in real time, a computer that requests information from a server in a client/server network, a network, consisting of client and server computers, in which the clients make requests of the server and the server returns the response, e-commerce transactions between consumers through online sites such as ebay.com, the maximum speed at which data can be transmitted between two nodes on a network; usually measured in megabits per second (Mbps), a connection to the internet using a standard telephone line, a device that converts the digital signals the computer understands to analog signals that can travel over phone lines, a type of connection that uses telephone lines to connect to the internet and that allows both phone and data transmissions to share the same lines, a part of a URL consisting of 2 parts: the site's host and a suffix that indicates the type of organization, the process of conducting business online for purposes ranging from fundraising to advertising to selling products, internet-based communication in which senders and recipients correspond, a software program that runs over a computer and is used to send and receive email through the ISPs server, a feature in Microsoft Internet Explorer that plaves a marker of a web site's URL in an easily retrievable list in the browser's toolbar, internet access that is enabled by transmitting data at the speed of light through glass or plastic fibers, a protocol used to upload and download files from one computer to another over the internet, the portion of a domain name that identifies who maintains a given website (ex berkley.edu is the domain name for University of California at Berkley), a type of specifically coded text that, when clicked, enables a user to jump from one location to another site, the protocol that allows files to be transferred from a web server so that you can see them on your computer by using a browser, a program that enables users to communicate online in real time with others who are also online, a network of networks that is the hargest network in the world, connecting millions of computers from more than one hundred countries, the main pathway of high-speed communications lines over which all internet traffic flows, the means by which all computers connected to the internet identify each other consisting of a unique set of four numbers separated by dots such as 123.45.178.91, a means of synchonous group communication used in discussion forms, (1) a specific work a user wishes to look for in an internet search (2) a specific word that has a predefined meaning in a particular programming language, a program created by the US government, the objective of which is to fund the research and development of cutting-edge networking technologies, a bookmark that delivers updates to you as soon as they become available, using Really Simple Syndication (RSS), massive multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPG), a gaming environment in which thousands of participants interact in a virtual game world by assuming roles of ficticious characters, a search engine that searches other search engines rather than individual web sites, a communication device that works to translate digital data into an analog signal and back again, anything that involves one or more forms of media plus text, an online game in which play occurs among hundreds or thousands of other players over the internet in a persistent game environment; in some games, players can interact with other players through trading, chatting, or playing cooperative or combative mini-games, the general rules of etiquette for internet chat rooms and other online communication, a method of communication, similar to a discussion group or forum, in which people create threads, or conversations; in a thread, a newsgroup member will post messages and read and reply to messages from other members of the newsgroup, the information after the slash indicates a particular file or path within the web site, a small software program that "plugs in" to a web browser to enable a specific function, a clip of audio or video content that is broadcast over the internet using compressed audio or video files in formats such as MP3, Really Simple Syndication (RSS) technology, an XML-based format that allows frequent updates of content on the world wide web, a way to connect to the internet using a small satellite dish, which is placed outside the home and is connected to a computer with coaxial cable; the satellite company them sends data to a satellite orbeting the earth which sends the datat back to the satellite dish and to the computer, a set of programs that searches the web for specific words you wish to lok for and then returns a list of the websites on which those keywords are found, a computer that provides resources to other computers on a network, a keyword or term that internet users addign to a web resource such as a web page, digital image, or video, a means by which use the internet to communicate and share information among their immediate friends, and connect with others through common interests, experiences, and friends, a peogram that constantly collects information on the web, following links in web sites and reading web pages; spiders get their names because they "crawl" over the web using multiple "legs" to visit many sites simultaneously, technology that enables audio files to be fed to a browser continuously; this lets users avoid having to download an entire file before listening, technology that enables video files to be fed to a browser continuously; this lets users avoid having to download an entire file before viewing, a structured outline of web sites organized by topics and subtopics, the suffix, often of three letters, in the domain name that indicates the kind of organization the host is (.com, .edu, etc), a personal online journal that uses videos as the primary content in addition to text, images, and audio, tools and web-based services that emphasize online collaberation and sharing among users, software installed on a computer system that allows individuals to locate, view, and navigate the web, a computer running a specialized operating system that enables it to host web pages and provide requested web pages to clients, the broadcast of audio or video content over the internet; unlike a podcast, a webcast is not updated automatically, a type of web site that allows anyone visiting the site to change or edit its content, the part of the internet used the most--distinguished from the internet by (1) its use of common communication protocols that enable different computers to talk to each other and display information in compatible formats, and (2) its use of special links (called hyperlinks) that enable users to jump from one place to another in the web, a block of code in the operating system that software applications need to interact with, the process of identifying a computer user, based on a login or username and password; the computer system determines whether the user is authorized and what level of access is to be granted on the network, a Window's utility (found in the control panel) that allows a user to create and duplicate a copy of all the data on a hard drive and copy it to another storage device, a program that manages the data between a computer's operating system and all the input and output devices attached to the computer; also responsible for loading the operating sustem from its permanent location on the hard drive to random access memory (RAM), the process for loading the operating system into random access memory (RAM) when the computer is turned on, interface between user and computer in which the user enters commands to communicate with the computer system, puts all of the elements necessary (typically found on or near the top of a traditional desk) for a productive work session at your fingertips, software that facilitates the communication between a device and the operating system, a feature in the Windows operating system that lets individuals view and change the properties of all hardware devices attached to the computer, a hierarchial structure that includes files, folders, and drives used to create a more organized and efficient computer, a Windows utility that removes unnecessary files from the hard drive, a utility that regroups related pieces of files on the hard drive, enabling faster retrieval of the data, a Windows utility that checks for lost files and fragments as well as physical errors on a hard drive, the result of an action, such as a keystroke, to which the operating system responds, in a file name, the three letters that follow the user-supplied file name after the dot (.) 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