Himalayan Balsam Impatiens glandulifera Invasive Species Identification and Control Guide Species Description Himalayan Balsam is a native species to the western Himalayans in North India. Even if you accidentally cause this plant to grow you could face criminal charges. Click here for the latest Himalayan Balsam information leaflet. Hanging explosive seed pods that can throw seeds over 7 metres away from the plant. insects) at the expense of indigenous species. 2 and 5). Before, around 1978, I don’t remember these Balsam plants growing, but soon after, they had spread, using the numerous streams which fed the upper River Irwell. We would recommend you also look elsewhere for further information, possibly not covered on these pages. Himalayan Balsam identification. It was introduced to Canada in the early 1900s as an ornamental garden flower. Himalayan Balsam was one of my successes. ... Himalayan balsam is listed under schedule 9 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981. Wolfsbane Including rivers/streams is important. Identification. Himalayan Balsam (Impatiens glanulifera) is an attractive looking flower, with a stout, hollow stem, trumpet shaped pink/white flowers and elliptical shaped green leaves. The flowers range from fuchsia to pale pink in colour and tend to appear between June and October, followed by seed pods … Himalayan balsam is widely distributed across Canada and can be found in eight provinces. Each plant can produce as much as 800 seeds and therefore removal should be undertaken in the winter months when the plant is … The plant likes to grow on river banks where it easily establishes, forms large patches and spreads quickly by seed. Identification. I found this plant Very interesting! Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is an exotic-looking annual that has pink, helmet-shaped flowers (also known as "policeman’s helmet”), rapid growth, and an entertaining mode of explosive seed dispersal. Himalayan Balsam can grow between 6 to 10 feet tall and is easily identifiable by its slightly serrated green oval shaped leaves, edged in red. glanduliferae var. Himalayan Balsam is, as the name suggests, native to India, more specifically to the Himalayas. Himalayan balsam is an annual herb, native to the western Himalayas. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 141:247-266. Himalayan or Indian balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is an annual herb and was introduced to Britain in 1839. • Individual plants reach 2-3m have translucent fleshy stems, pink-purple slipper-shaped flowers and large oval pointed leaves with obvious teeth around their edges (see above and pictures no. Large pale pink-purple trumpet flowers in June – October. Although very attractive in appearance, Himalayan Balsam is a pest and one of the most rapidly spreading Invasive weeds in the UK. Grows up to 3 metres tall. Invasive Species Guide: Himalayan Balsam 1 | P a g e Invasive Species Guide: Giant Hogweed Photos are sourced from GBNNSS, Tom Richards and RPS group Plc. Himalayan Balsam. Himalayan balsam plants grow in dense stands that suppress the growth of native grasses and other flora. Himalayan balsam is an aggressive invader of wetlands, streams and moist woodlands where it displaces native and beneficial vegetation, causing a loss in native biodiversity. Tanner RA; Gange AC, 2013. Himalayan balsam is native to the foothills of the Himalayas, India and Pakistan, and was first released into the UK in 1839 as an ornamental garden plant. The pink/purple bonnet shaped flowers are 2.5 – 4cm long. In the early 1800s it was introduced to many parts of Europe, New Zealand and North America as a garden ornamental. A very invasive, non-native plant which is illegal to grow or cause the growth of. Himalayan Balsam. It can be seen along several trails and roadsides in Prince Edward Island. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera), AKA Indian Balsam, Policeman’s Helmet, can grow up to 3m tall.It flowers from late May to October. Although sometimes sold as an ornamental, this native of Asia has been added to the Washington State Noxious Weed list due to its invasive nature. So expert advice should be your first port of call. Each plant has the ability to spread over 7 metres every season, making it difficult to eradicate without a coordinated approach, particularly around rivers and water courses. Legislated Because. It grows rapidly and spreads quickly, smothering other vegetation as it goes. Himalayan balsam is an invasive herbaceous plant that was initially introduced to North America as a garden ornamental. It is illegal to move soil which contains its seeds and accidentally spreading them and its growth. Consider surrounding properties and potential for reintroduction. Himalayan balsam ( Impatiens glandulifera ) is a relative of the busy Lizzie, but reaches well over head height, and is a major weed problem, especially on riverbanks and waste land, but can also invade gardens. Himalayan Balsam Species Impatiens glandulifera. 3). Leaves are lanceolate with serrated edges, stalked, shiny, dark green with a reddish midrib. It is also commonly referred to as Indian Balsam. Invasive Species - (Impatiens glandulifera) Watch List Himalayan Balsam grows 3-6 feet tall and has purple/red stems that are smooth and hollow. Policeman's helmet, also known as jewelweed or Himalayan balsam, thrives in moist areas and riparian zones. Produced by Cymdeithas Llandudoch, St Dogmaels Community Association The information on these pages has been pulled together by non-experts, through extensive web searches and limited consultation with experts. 3. Best Regards. Himalayan Balsam is a non-native invasive. Identification of Himalayan Balsam is very important, as it is advised that if you note the presence of it in your garden, you should take steps to remove it from the site. History. Himalayan balsam was introduced as a garden plant in 1839, but soon escaped and became widely naturalised along riverbanks and ditches, especially close to towns. Annual reproduction of this plant occurs in the summer, when the … We offer Himalayan Balsam removal and identification for weed management across UK. Himalayan Balsam originates from the Western Himalayas. Himalayan balsam also promotes river bank erosion due to the plant dying back over winter, leaving the bank unprotected from flooding. It was introduced to Britain from India in 1839, and promoted as an alternative to the orchids grown by those wealthy enough to have greenhouses. Identification of Himalayan balsam. Identification. Himalayan Balsam has an orchid shaped flower resembling a British policeman’s helmet, which gave rise to its other common name of “Policeman’s helmet”. It was introduced to Kew Gardens in 1839 and is thought to have mainly been spread by people passing seeds to each other. Identification Leaves – Slender, oval and shiny about 15cm long with a red vein running up the middle. It is an offence to plant this species or to cause it to grow in the wild. Himalayan Balsam and Kiss-me-on-the-mountain arise from the fact that the plant originates in the Himalayan mountains. Dark green lance-shaped leaves with serrated edges and pointed tips. Growing and spreading rapidly, it successfully competes with native plant species for space, light, nutrients and pollinators, and … The impact of two non-natibe plant species on native flora performance: potential implications for habitat restoration. 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