[Robert Edgar Carter;] Collectivism – individuals are part of a group and the needs of the group come before the individual. Individualism – favours the individual as an independent entity and encourages self-promotion and self-worth. The Buddhist notion of self circumvents reification, being an impermanent gestalt formed by the interaction of five skandhas or aggregates (form, feelings, perceptions, impulses, consciousness). A portrait of the author Gish Jen, whose book Tiger Writing: Art, Culture, and the Interdependent Self, explores Eastern and Western differences in self-narration. 800-500 BC), when Greek thinkers broke with purely mythological explanations of the world by attempting to explain nature logically. Meanwhile, Western philosophy focuses on ethics. Satisfaction with what one has is the key. Ulrich Steinvorth, Rethinking the Western Understanding of the Self, Cambridge UP, 2009, 222pp., $26.99 (pbk) ISBN 9780521757072. In fact, human beings are essentially the same the world over, only the details and customs differ, and the philosophies of eastern and western thinkers make this quite clear. To some extent Western formulations of the self evidence a homunculus-like quality lacking in some Eastern conceptions, especially those derived from the Vijnanavada and Zen Buddhist traditions. “Conceptual self” (Neisser, 1997), “Relational Self” (Jordan, 1991), “Public and private selves” (Morin, 1998) have just been a few amongst the many terms offered in the explanation of the ways people perceive themselves and their world. Both Western and Eastern civilizations have been occupied with self-knowledge and underscored its importance particularly citing the paradoxical combination of immediate availability and profound obscurity involved in its pursuit. The differences between Eastern and Western thought can be clearly seen in modern society, despite globalization and unifying influences. AND EASTERNTHOUGHT LESSON OBJECTIVES. Western philosophy was born during the Archaic age of Greece (ca. The most important characteristic of the Eastern world view - one could almost say the essence of it - is the awareness of the unity and mutual interrelation of all things and events, the experience of all phenomena in the world as manifestations of a basic oneness. Though each line is concerned with finding the right path to follow, the methodology and teachings of the philosophers from either line of thinking has been distinct and different. The title of this paper was “Uniting Eastern Philosophy and Western Science” (1992). • Eastern- also called Oriental; represents Asia • Western- represents Europe and Northern America 3. THE SELF IN WESTERN. In Eastern philosophy, though, the self is often treated as an illusion. Reviewed by Ruth Hagengruber, University of Paderborn, Germany This book presents a courageous analysis of the philosophical concept of the self and its marked influence on Western history and civilisation. And a Western bias still is that the East can learn from the West, rather than vice versa, and indeed is doing so, as is exhibited in the spread of technology, capitalism and democracy. The self-concept is a knowledge representation that contains knowledge about us, including our beliefs about our personality traits, physical characteristics, abilities, values, goals, and roles, as well as the knowledge that we exist as individuals. Western science has relied on methods for reducing processes to their most elemental level and investigating them in isolation as single variables. By and large, cultures in the West tend to be more individualistic whereas people from the East are more collectivist. Associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services. God the Self and Nothingness: Reflections Eastern and Western (God, the Contemporary Discussion Series) While Western psychology seems to reflect an … Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Comparison of Western and Oriental Thought is a book written by Sierran sociologist Mark Culler and published in 1904 which has been identified as the most influential book in Sierra, and one of the most important sociological books in the 20th century. Richard C. Page: is an associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services at the University of Georgia, Athens. In Western thought, people tend to answer affirmatively and think of the self as an entity separate from others. As individuals, one must do what is supposed to be done without causing ill to others. 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