James Mill divided Indian history into three periods – Hindu, Muslim and British. They thought that once this was done, things could be properly studied and debated. In this way, they gathered all the facts that were essential for administering a country. Q3. A few also work for government bodies, in the private sector or as publishing authors. They forced Indians to sell their goods at low prices and made them produce the crops they needed. Calligraphists the one who writes beautifully were also appointed in order to copy the important documents. Who was James Mill? Even the rulers of ancient India did not share the same faith. Question.1. What it suggests is that the lives and practices of others do not really matter. 7. ‘ along with question answers. Medieval was a term used to describe a society where these features of modem society did not exist. This led to an administrative culture of writing memos, reports etc. Answer. What is the problem with the periodisation of Indian history that James Mill offers? Question 3. The village tahsildar’s office, the collectorate, the commissioner’s office, the provincial secretariats, the lawcourts – all had their record rooms. Question.3. (iv) It reflects the importance of this institution in the British eyes. Observe the picture below taken from the NCERT textbook (page 1) and answer the questions that follow: Questions: A History of British India was written by Q2. Unless otherwise specified in your assignment prompt, all written assignments for a history course will need to make an argument and support that argument with evidence. Answer. Letters and memos that moved from one branch of the administration to smother in the early years of the 19th century can still be read in the archives. (function (w, d) { for (var i = 0, j = d.getElementsByTagName("ins"), k = j[i]; i < j.length; k = j[++i]){ (ii) medieval- modem Historical method is the collection of techniques and guidelines that historians use to research and write histories of the past. Let’s take an example the British historians began their history with the, first governor general of Bengal Warren Hastings. that were sold in the local bazaars. When preparing to write for a history course, do not simply rush into the writing process! Download CBSE Class 8 Social Science History Syllabus latest pdf, CBSE NCERT KVS Syllabus for Social Science, CBSE Class 8 History Syllabus. Documents were helpful in understanding social, economical and history of those times. Question. He suggested that the British should conquer all the territories of India to ensure the enlightenment and happiness of the Indian people. (a) 1920s (iv) The word ‘Calligrapher’ means Question 8. Why did the British preserve the official documents? A. The British also carried on several other surveys such as botanical surveys, zoological surveys, archeolo¬gical surveys, forest surveys, etc. Question 3. The British also established specialised institutions such as archives and museums to preserve important records. Even cattle would not eat the chapatis and dal which they had to eat. Q.5- At present about what Historians do not write? (c) 1940s Download NCERT Chapters and Books in pdf format. 1. Or. James Mill did not cherish any positive idea about India. According to him there was religious intolerance, caste taboos, superstitious beliefs, darkness etc. Q.6- Who was the Calligraphists? Think about how toy companies get information about what young people enjoy playing with or how the government finds out about the number of young people in school. 1. For this, they established record rooms attached to all administrative institutions such as the village tahsildar’s office, the collectorate, law courts etc. Historians are learned individuals who spend their professional lives researching and trying to make sense of the past. What evil practices, according to James Mill, dominated the Indian social life before the British came to India? Well, anything which we see happening in our surrounding must have begun on someday. This periodisation has its own problem. The British believed that the act of writing was important. They also introduced census operations, held at the interval of every ten years from the end of the 19th century. Let’s take an example the British historians began their history with the first governor general of Bengal Warren Hastings and it continues up to the last viceroy of India Lord Mountbatten. But this division too has its problems. How do we come to know about them? Answer. Paintings projected Governor-Generals as powerful figures. Answer. So, now the question arises how we know about all the happenings and their time period. How did surveys become important under the colonial administration? CBSE Class 8 Civics Chapter 4 Understanding laws – Detailed explanation of the chapter ‘Understanding laws’ along with question answers. Nonetheless, professional historians have generally agreed on a number of conventions, or practices, that distinguish history writing from writing in other academic disciplines. Here, it is worth-mentioning that Indians did not have equality, freedom or liberty under the British rule. What official records do not tell? Census operations, held at the interval of every ten years from the preserved.. We can ’ t know about the past. particular aspect of the Chapter Understanding. History – Chapter 1 how, When and Where Class 8 history Chapter – 1 ( NCERT Solutions.! 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