Nan Schiller is a writer with deep roots in the soil of southeastern Pennsylvania. Also known as white woodland, starved, or side-flowering aster, the calico aster is a North American herbaceous native plant with a bushy, clumping growth habit. In addition to occurring naturally in several varieties, it has multi… Faunal Associations: The florets of Calico Aster (Symphyotrichum lateriflorum) have shorter nectar tubes than many other species of asters (Symphyotrichum spp. Unlike asters that have erect stems with protruding lateral branches, this variety has widely branching horizontal stems. Calico Aster . In ideal conditions, it can form If you grow this plant, please share your experience in the comments section below. Cover seeds with 1/8 inch of soil and maintain even moisture until they germinate. You can easily treat this with good quality fungicide. You can simply dig the entire clump up. The calico or side-flowering aster, S. lateriflorum, is a mid-sized species that generally tops … The Native American people harvested wild aster for a multitude of uses. An advocate of organic gardening with native plants, she’s always got dirt under her nails and freckles on her nose. Leggy stems that flop over and break should be trimmed to the ground and removed, to prevent decay and invite potential pest and disease issues. It is advisable to plant the seeds anytime from spring to fall. calico aster is an eastern North American native plant. Insects that have been observed to visit the flowerheads of this aster for nectar and/or pollen include honeybees, bumblebees, little carpenter bees (Ceratina spp. With its profuse tiny blossoms, the calico species makes the perfect “filler” in the traditional “thriller, filler, spiller” floral design formula. Do this in the springtime. This parasite is the root cause of Chlorosis. Often a single plant will have flowers of both colors. Always use proper garden gears for your own safety and also plant’s safety. Graceful, Symphyotrichum lateriflorum 'Lady in Black' (Calico Aster) is a bushy clump-forming perennial boasting a profusion of branching sprays covered with small white flowers in late summer and fall. Suitable for gardeners in USDA Hardiness Zones 3 to 8, this plant readily naturalizes, especially in moist woodland locales, where it is virtually maintenance free. Cut off the soft, fresh 6 -7 inch new stems using good quality sharp pruners. Maintain even moisture (an inch per week) during the entire first growing period. The Ojibwa used an infusion of aster root … calico aster Symphyotrichum lateriflorum var. Packages contain enough seed for 15 square feet of planting. A wonderful garden plant to be used in mixed borders or as a low-growing hedge. These yellow disks normally turn shades of pink and red as they mature. Water the plant occasionally. The species gets its common name from the variety of colors of its blossoms' central disks. Normally, the plant grows 120 cm (47 in) tall and 30 cm (12 in) wide. You can also sell them or give them away to your customers or friends. Every three years or so, in the spring, you may want to divide old, woody plants to invigorate them and improve airflow. Forest edges, forests, meadows and fields Characteristics. Now replant the divisions in suitable locations. Calico aster spreads vigorously, so plan your garden scheme accordingly. This increases the air flow between the dried flowers. Photo by John B. You can also plant anise hyssop, yarrow, Etc., to deter the herbivores animals, particularly rabbits and deer. The stems are hairy, purplish, and stiff. When you see new growth with fresh tiny leaves, the plant is ready to acclimate outdoors. Calico Aster Plant Info. This Aster is easy to grow, long lived, brings cheerful fall color and is a … Feel free to post a picture! It is also recommended to plant this plant in soil having a PH value of 5.2 – 7.5. Linnaeus, a Swedish botanist classified the species of this plant in the 1700s. Comparatively, this aster variety has short nectar tubes. You just have to prune it for shaping. It is a perennial, herbaceous plant that may reach 120 cm high and 30 cm across. Click here for print friendly version. Amend it as needed. On the other hand, if the weather is especially cool and wet, the leaves may turn yellow, or chlorotic. The center disks are yellow. It has very little or no effect on the flowers. The leaves of the plant may turn brownish and can even drop off completely from the plant. So, it needs a large space to grow freely. This article elaborates the overview, propagation, maintenance and uses of the famous calico aster. If you live in cooler areas, plant them in sunny locations. This aster is a larval host plant for several butterflies and moths including Harris's Checkerspot and Pearl Crescent butterflies. The leaves are green and the stems may have purple markings. Remove the weeds in the vicinity of the plant. Symphyotrichum lateriflorum (formerly Aster lateriflorus) is a species of flowering plant of the family Asteraceae native to eastern and central North America. If you have a partially-shaded wooded setting, where the soil is fertile and damp, you’re well on your way to success. Plant it with other white aster varieties, as well as coneflower, joe-pye weed, and phlox, for attractive mixed groupings. Keep the rooting stem out of direct sunlight, and maintain even moisture. It will quickly form a loosely packed beautiful hedgerow. Woodland areas. Mining bees are a perfect example of beneficial insects feeding on calico aster flowers. Calico Aster. Provide an inch per week, including rainfall, throughout the first growing season. This plant prefers organically-rich, well-draining soil, with a pH of 5.2 to 7.5. Aster frikartii. In case of individual flower heads, spread them on a newspaper as a single layer. Divide the old plants once in 2-3 years. After that, Divide the crown portion and root portion by cutting the plant into two or more sections. horizontalis (or horizontale) is a botanical species variety known as the horizontal calico aster. There are three methods of Propagation Viz., seeds, divisions and stem cuttings. If you desire to grow more compact plants, just chip down the stem tips in early summer. Appearing in late-summer and fall, the flowers are important for pollinators, particularly small sweat bees, miner bees, and hoverflies. The blooming season for this plant is from late summer to fall (autumn). In spite of all these exceptional characteristics, they can suffer pests and diseases if they come under stress. Here is more about what we do. Photo by Andrey Zharkikh (Wikimedia Commons) (CC BY 2.0). They may be as long as four to six inches near the base of the stems, and become incrementally smaller as they approach the stem apex. Sometimes you may just chip off the crown and allow the stem to regrow. After that, just rub the seed heads of individual flowers with your thumb and index finger. However, any plant that suffers from stress is fair game for pests and disease. And some cultivated varieties are bred for exceptional pest and disease resistance. Your local agricultural authorities can help you in testing the soil if you opt to do so. Work the soil down about a foot until it is loose and crumbly. lateriflorum – calico aster Subordinate Taxa. Many asters are good in mixed containers for seasonal display, while the use of certain asters as replacements for fall mums has become popular. You just have to prune it for shaping. The distinguishing feature of Calico Aster is its form: open spreading branches, with relatively sparse flowers. Some of these links may be affiliate in nature, meaning we earn small commissions if items are purchased. The mature height of this variety is approximately 2 feet. You cannot expect the same with hybrid or cultivated varieties. The Iroquois people combined aster with bloodroot and other medicinal plants to make a laxative. Leave this arrangement undisturbed for about a week. Later, when they sprout a couple of true leaves, transplant them in your garden. These corymbs born small flowers usually measure 15 cm (6 in) across (Diameter). Generally, you can use Calico aster for mass planting. However, you cannot expect the same from the hybrid varieties. This may lead to fungal infection, commonly known as powdery mildew. Swedish botanist Linnaeus was the first to classify the species in the 1700s, and is represented by the “L.” The Löves were botanists, the first from Iceland and the second from Sweden, who fine-tuned the classification in the early 20th century. The warning signs are yellow, deformed leaves and stunted growth. If you use true botanical species seeds, they will exhibit original parental characteristics. The leaves of the plant may turn chlorotic or yellow shaded. Also may be used as a perennial hedging plant along walkways or paths. Plant the stem 2 – 3 inches deep in a potting medium. This is usually the result of too much or too little water. (Wikimedia Commons) (CC BY 2.0). It is commonly known as calico aster, starved aster, and white woodland aster. Asters are adept at fending for themselves, especially when we place them in locations that mimic their natural settings. The flower rays are white, or white with a hint of lavender, and the centers are rose pink. You can also use it as a property perimeter. This increases the airflow between the plants after their growth. Mass or group. The erect stems are green to brown, and hairy, with lateral branching. Try it as a mass planting in the dappled shade of a treetop canopy. Remember, these plants do self-sow. Remove the leaves from the bottom three or four inches. Provide partial shade if growing this woodland species in warmer regions. In the fall, the foliage deepens to bronze tones, perfectly suited to the season. Caterpillars of the silvery checkerspot butterfly (Chlosyne nycteis) and pearl crescent butterfly (Phyciodes tharos) eat the leaves. Calico Aster (Aster lateriflorus) blooms for an extended period, often right up to the first frost. Asters are sturdy and long-lasting in both fresh and dry flower arrangements. It grows from one to three feet tall at maturity. Most of the aster varieties including calico aster provide late color to the garden after the main flowering season. Native plants are not as likely to suffer from pest and disease issues as non-natives. The flowers are 1/2 inch in diameter, with rays of lavender and yellow centers that deepen to rose pink. Calico aster spreads vigorously, so plan your garden scheme accordingly. Maintain even moisture (an inch per week) during the entire first growing period. ), and they seem to attract a wide variety of insects, particularly in sunny areas. You can make a mini greenhouse by covering the container with a plastic bag. Aster 'Lady in Black' is an elegant 3-4' mound of purplish-black strappy leaves smothered in red-centered tiny white daisies in late summer and early fall. Calico aster can be used for rain gardens, bird and butterfly gardens, and for restoration and conservation. This plant is compact and bushy, with green foliage. Delicate white rays sprout out surrounding these yellow central disks. Photo by Fritzflohrreynolds (Wikimedia Commons) (CC BY-SA 3.0). Make sure to visit White Aster and its varietiesWhat is Dietes Bicolor? New growth is the signal that the plant has rooted and is ready to acclimate to the outdoors, and then transplant into the garden. The leaves are generally, 4-6 inches near stem bases. Dip the bottom end of the steam in a good quality powdered rooting hormone. Another way to make new plants out of existing ones is by dividing them in the spring. Also, some varieties are specially bred for disease and pest resistance. If you encounter this scenario, remove the affected plants as a whole immediately. But if your soil is of poor quality, the plant may need soil fertilization repeatedly, as mentioned earlier. The flowers attract a number of beneficial insects with a short proboscis. We occasionally link to goods offered by vendors to help the reader find relevant products. Remove the leaves and other stuff from the bottom portion of stems (clean off 3-4 inches). Cover the container with a large plastic to maintain the moist environment and also to promote condensation. Do this in the springtime or summer season. Some large leaves also have visible serration. Native to the eastern half of North Amercia, it can be found growing in the mountains, piedmont, and cosal plains of North Carolina. There are a few shade-loving, late season flowers in the forest now, like the modest Large-leaved Aster (Eurybia macrophylla) and Calico Aster (Symphyotrichum lateriflorum). In addition to the botanical species, there are cultivated varieties that have been bred for qualities like compact growth, exceptional disease resistance, and unusual foliage coloration. Best Uses Calico aster spreads vigorously, so plan your garden scheme accordingly. Normally, if you purchase the natural botanical species of seeds, they can replicate the genetically determined characteristic (traits) of parent plants. It is an incurable disease. If your plants become “leggy,” you may have to stake them to keep them from falling over. Allow the flowers heads to dry completely. Flowers measure 1/2 inch and have white rays and centers of deep purple-pink. See our guide to dividing perennial asters for instructions on how to dig down through the roots to remove a section for immediate transplant elsewhere. The third method is also the same as the second one, but waiting till you see a few dry heads instead of plucking individual flowers. At planting time, apply an all-purpose, well-balanced fertilizer such as 10-10-10 (NPK) according to package instructions. If deer and rabbits are common visitors to your yard, you may want to fence in your asters, or plant perennials like yarrow and anise hyssop near them as deterrents. With wit and hopefully some wisdom, she shares what she’s learned and is always ready to dig into a new project! Calico aster’s complete name, including the “authors” of the species, is Symphyotrichum lateriflorum (L.) A. Löve & D. Löve. The calico species exhibits above average resistance to powdery mildew, but it is a disorder to keep in mind, particularly in damp, humid conditions. As mentioned above, direct sow seeds to a depth of 1/8 inch. Interpreting Wetland Status. See our TOS for more details. In this case, just stalk them with normal bamboos. Be aware that, Chlorosis may also be a sign or precursor to aster yellows. This plant spreads by thick rhizomes and self-sowing. Store the seeds in an airtight container preferably in a cool, dark, and dry place. Sometimes, the plants become “leggy” with age. Tiny blossoms measuring about one-third of an inch across cluster in upright panicle fashion along the upper side of each graceful stem. That simply means if you have planted asters in partially shaded, well-drained, damped, and fertilized soil, your job is almost done!. Alternatively, you can start seeds indoors about a month before the last average spring frost date. It makes an excellent property perimeter where it can naturalize to form a loose, informal hedgerow. Calico Aster; Starved Aster; White Woodland Aster; Phonetic Spelling sim-fy-oh-TRY-kum la-ter-uh-FLOR-um Description. Make sure the container has good drainage. The foliage is green, and plants grow in a clumping fashion. This plant has no children Legal Status. Why? Calico Aster (Aster lateriflorum), Side-Flowering Aster, Starved Aster or White Woodland Aster is an herbaceous, somewhat bushy perennial that typically grows to 2-3 feet tall with a slightly smaller spread. This depends on how you desire. It is a normal perennial plant, exhibiting herbaceous characteristics. The Evaluation Study Between 2003 and 2009, the Chicago It should have full sun in cooler regions, and ideally, a bit of afternoon shade in warmer ones. A myriad of white blooms with maroon and yellow centers cover the two to three foot tall stems in autumn. Normally, if you pour too little water or too much water, these plants come under stress. Her background includes landscape and floral design, a BS in business from Villanova University, and a Certificate of Merit in floral design from Longwood Gardens. You can use also plant the seeds in a planting medium. GARDENER'S PATH® IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. To learn more about growing asters in your garden, you’ll need these guides next: © Ask the Experts, LLC. PoliciesPrivacy PolicyTerms and ConditionsCookies PolicyDisclaimerDMCA, sheplants.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com, How to grow Aster Tataricus (Tatarian Aster) in gardens. 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